Note: This family line is being researched by Margaret "Margie" Josephine Brunette, granddaughter of Joseph Emory Harris, son of Joseph Emory Harris 1853, son of Emily Bement and Joseph Emory Harris. (e-mail: mbrunette@@newportnet.com) September 1999
Arthur Harrison was a farmer and engineer. He is buried in Coe Ridge Cemetery in North Olmstead, Ohio. (Source: John Arthur Harrison, Richland, Michigan, Dec. 1997)spouse: >Perry, Mary (1848 - 1905)
Benjamin Harrison was a farmer. He is buried in Suffield, Connecticut. (Source: John Arthur Harrison, Richland, Michigan, Dec. 1997)spouse: >Wilcox, Mary (1792 - 1861)
Buried in Coe Ridge Cemetery.
Francis "Frank" Bement Harrison resided in the family homestead all his life. He was ill a long time before his death. (Source: Spencer L. BeMent, Ann Arbor, Michigan; June 1998)spouse: >Stearns, Emma Jane\June (>1841 - 1923)
George Harrison migrated from Connecticut to Ohio in1839. He was a farmer and owned and operated a saw mill in Ohio. He is buried in Coe Ridge Cemetery at North Omstead, Ohio. (Source: John Arthur Harrison, Richland, Michigan, Dec. 1997)spouse: >Bement, Nancy Aseneth (1819 - 1892)
The Genealogy of the Harrison Family, descendants of Richard Harrison (abt. 1596-1653) of Branford, Connecticut is being researched in detail by Helen (Fleming) Harrison; 9 Walking Purchase Drive, Pennington, NJ 08534; (e-mail: schjsh@@aol.com)
George Henry Harrison and his family migrated to Cheboygan, Michigan in 1900. He started a florist business in 1902, and retired to Black Lake, Michigan in 1924. His homes in Cheboygan and Black Lake were still standing in 1997. He is buried at Pine Hill Cemetery in Cheboygan, Michigan. (Source: John Arthur Harrison, Richland, Michigan, Dec. 1997)spouse: >Schafer, Louise (1871 - 1941)
Herbert Buell Harrison, in April 1904, removed his family into his grandfathers house on Coe Ridge.spouse: >Snell, Mary (>1877 - )
James Harrison worked on the Mackinaw Bridge in Michigan, and was an electrician in later years, and is buried in the Pine Hill Cemetery in Cheboygan, Michigan. (Source: John Arthur Harrison, Richland, Michigan, Dec. 1997)spouse: >Mumford, Doris (1917 - 1981)
John Bradley Harrison and his wife, Carrie, farmed at Coe Ridge (Ohio) and supposedly purchased a mineral spring in Woodfarm, Indiana with their son-in-law, George Hogue, and intended to build a resort. They are buried in the Coe Ridge Cemetery. (Source: Spencer L. BeMent, Ann Arbor, Michigan; June 1998)spouse: >Witham, Carrie (>1851 - )
Lester Harrison was a soldier in World War I, and trained at Fort Custer in Battle Creek, Michigan. He was a florist and farmer, and his wife, Eva, was a school teacher. They are buried in Pine Hill Cemetery, Cheboygan, Michigan. (Source: John Arthur Harrison, Richland, Michigan, Dec. 1997)spouse: >Wilson, Eva (1893 - 1969)
Joseph Hastings (1740-1806) (65) married Annis Munn (1744-1815) (71) in 1762. Joseph's ancestry traces to Thomas Hastings who came from Ipswich, England on the ship Elizabeth in 1634, the very ship that brought William and John Beaumont the next year. In April 1651 Thomas married Susan Cheney, the daughter of William Cheney of Roxbury, Mass. Annis's ancestry traces to Benjamin Munn (1683-1779) and Thankful Nims (1684-1746).spouse: >Munn, Annis (1744 - 1815)
Blee Struble Hatt was a machinist/auto maker for 18 years in Flint before removing to Linden, Michigan. He died at his home at 1011 N. Bridge Street and is buried in Fairview Cemetery, Linden, Genesee Co., Michigan. He had two sons and two daughters.spouse: >Putt, Mary Emily (>1870 - )
Zerah Monroe Hatt, 51 years old, died Sunday in University Hospital, Ann Arbor, after a lengthy illness. Death was due to bronchial asthma. Mr. Hatt was born in Argentine Township, on May 7, 1878, a son of Mr. and Mrs. Garrett Hatt, and had resided in Flint for the last 25 years. He was married to (2) Rose Rice of Fenton at Flat Rock, Michigan. Besides his wife, he is survived by five sons, Harvey, Archie and Garrett Hatt, all of Flint, and Jack and Darrell Hatt, of Fenton; four daughters, Mrs. Hazel Simpson, Mrs. Maude Bostwick, Mrs Alice Oberley, all of Flint, and Mrs. Jennie Ruple, of Fenton, two brothers, William and Blee Hatt, of Flint, one sister, Mrs. Eda Wilshire, of Flint, and eight grandchildren. (Source: Obituary, The Flint Daily Journal, Mon., Oct. 21, 1929, pg 2, col. 2)spouse: >Swain, Lucy Ellen Kate (1879 - 1927)
HENRY I (1068-1135), third Norman king of England (1100-35), fourth son of William the Conqueror. Henry was born in Selby. Because his father, who died in 1087, left him no land, Henry made several unsuccessful attempts to gain territories on the Continent. On the death of his brother William II in 1100, Henry took advantage of the absence of another brother-Robert (c. 1054-1134), who had a prior claim to the throne-to seize the royal treasury and have himself crowned king at Westminster. Henry subsequently secured his position with the nobles and with the church by issuing a charter of liberties that acknowledged the feudal rights of the nobles and the rights of the church.spouse: >Matilda, Princess of Scotland (1080 - 1118)
In 1101 Robert, who was duke of Normandy, invaded England, but Henry persuaded him to withdraw by promising him a pension and military aid on the Continent. In 1102 Henry put down a revolt of nobles, who subsequently took refuge in Normandy, where they were aided by Robert. By defeating Robert at Tinchebray, France, in 1106, Henry won Normandy. During the rest of his reign, however, he constantly had to put down uprisings that threatened his rule in Normandy. The conflict between Henry and Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury, over the question of lay investiture (the appointment of church officials by the king), was settled in 1107 by a compromise that left the king with substantial control in the matter. Because he had no surviving male heir, Henry was forced to designate his daughter Matilda (1102-67) as his heiress. After his death on Dec. 1, 1135, at Lyons-la-Foret, Normandy, however, Henry's nephew, Stephen of Blois, usurped the throne, plunging the country into a protracted civil war that ended only with the accession of Matilda's son, Henry II, in 1154.
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HENRY II (1133-89), king of England (1154-89), first monarch of the house of Anjou, or Plantagenet, an important administrative reformer, who was one of the most powerful European rulers of his time. Born March 5, 1133, at Le Mans, France, Henry became duke of Normandy in 1151. The following year, on the death of his father, he inherited the Angevin territories in France. By his marriage in 1152 to Eleanor of Aquitaine, Henry added vast territories in southwestern France to his possessions. Henry claimed the English kingship through his mother, Matilda (1102-67). She had been designated the heiress of Henry I but had been deprived of the succession by her cousin, Stephen of Blois, who made himself king.spouse: >de Porhoët, Aliz Third Concubine of Henry II (~1153 - 1204)
In 1153 Henry defeated Stephen's armies in England and compelled the king to choose him as his successor; on Stephen's death, the following year, Henry became king. During the first few years of his reign Henry quelled the disorders that had developed during Stephen's reign, regained the northern counties of England, which had previously been ceded to Scotland, and conquered North Wales. In 1171-72 he began the Norman conquest of Ireland and in 1174 forced William the Lion, king of the Scots, to recognize him as overlord. In 1164 Henry became involved in a quarrel with Thomas a Becket, whom he had appointed archbishop of Canterbury. By the Constitutions of Clarendon, the king decreed that priests accused of crimes should be tried in royal courts; Becket claimed that such cases should be handled by ecclesiastical courts, and the controversy that followed ended in 1170 with Becket's murder by four of Henry's knights. Widespread indignation over the murder forced the king to rescind his decree and recognize Becket as a martyr. Although he failed to subject the church to his courts, Henry's judicial reforms were of lasting significance. In England he established a centralized system of justice accessible to all freemen and administered by judges who traveled around the country at regular intervals. He also began the process of replacing the old trial by ordeal with modern court procedures.
From the beginning of his reign, Henry was involved in conflict with Louis VII, King of France, and later with Louis's successor, Philip II, over the French provinces that Henry claimed. A succession of rebellions against Henry, headed by his sons and furthered by Philip II and by Eleanor of Aquitaine, began in 1173 and continued until his death at Chinon, France, on July 6, 1189. (Note: Eleanor of Aquitaine was the divorced first wife of King Louis VII of France). Henry was succeeded by his son Richard I, called Richard the Lion-Hearted.
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Henry's "Third Concubine", Aliz De Porhoët, gave birth to his son, William De Longespée, about 1173. William became Earl of Salisbury and it was through the descendants of this line and the subsequent marriage of Alice Botilier to Nicholas deSandford about 1350 that merged his ancestors and descendants into the Thomas Sanford line (1608-1681), and ultimately into the Bement line in 1893 with the marriage of Susan Belle Sanford (1872-1899) to William Henry Bement. (Source: Dennis Gene BeMent, August, 1997)
Henry II is further researched on a web site from a professor at the University of Hull, UK. This may be accessed directly at: http://www.tardis.ed.ac.uk/cgi/bct/gedlkup/n=royal?royal01371
Dennis Gene BeMent November, 1997
Henry III (of England) (1207-72), king of England (1216-72), son and successor of King John (Lackland), and a member of the house of Anjou, or Plantagenet. Henry ascended the throne at the age of nine, on the death of his father. During his minority the kingdom was ruled by William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, as regent, but after his death in 1219 the justiciar Hubert de Burgh was the chief power in the government. During the regency the French, who occupied much of eastern England, were expelled, and rebellious barons were subdued.spouse: >Provence, Eleanor of (1217 - 1291)
Henry was declared of age in 1227. In 1232 he dismissed Hubert de Burgh from his court and commenced ruling without the aid of ministers. Henry displeased the barons by filling government and church offices with foreign favorites, many of them relatives of his wife, Eleanor of Provence, whom he married in 1236, and by squandering money on Continental wars, especially in France. In order to secure the throne of Sicily for one of his sons, Henry agreed to pay the pope a large sum. When the king requested money from the barons to pay his debt, they refused and in 1258 forced him to agree to the Provisions of Oxford, whereby he agreed to share his power with a council of barons. Henry soon repudiated his oath, however, with papal approval. After a brief period of war, the matter was referred to the arbitration of Louis IX, King of France, who decided in Henry's favor in a judgment called the Mise of Amiens (1264). Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, accordingly led the barons into war, defeated Henry at Lewes, and took him prisoner. In 1265, however, Henry's son and heir, Edward, later King Edward I, led the royal troops to victory over the barons at Evesham, about 40.2 km (about 25 mi) south of Birmingham. Simon de Montfort was killed in the battle, and the barons agreed to a compromise with Edward and his party in 1267. From that time on Edward ruled England, and when Henry died, he succeeded him as king.
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Henry IV (of England) (1367-1413), king of England (1399-1413), the first of the house of Lancaster.spouse: >de Bohun, Mary (>1366 - 1394)
Henry was born in Bolingbroke Castle in April 1367, the son of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster. He was also known as Henry of Lancaster and Henry of Bolingbroke. From 1387 to 1390 he was a leader of the party that opposed his cousin King Richard II. Henry subsequently fought with the Teutonic Knights against the Lithuanians and made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. After his return to England he allied himself with the king. Because of a quarrel with Thomas Mowbray, 1st duke of Norfolk, in 1398, Henry was exiled for six years by Richard, who promised that Henry would not lose his inheritance. When Henry's father died, however, Richard confiscated the Lancastrian estates willed to Henry. Consequently, Henry raised an army, invaded England, and captured Richard, who later abdicated.
In 1399 Henry was elected king by Parliament. The following year he suppressed a revolt of nobles who supported Richard. The Scots and the Welsh, aided by the French, then began a rebellion against the English crown. The Scots were defeated (1402) at Humbleton Hill, but the Welsh continued the rebellion for seven years under the leadership of the Welsh chief Owen Glendower. In 1403 the Percy family rebelled against Henry because they were dissatisfied with the rewards for service he had bestowed upon them; they were defeated in the Battle of Shrewsbury in the same year. Wars and rebellions persisted after that date but diminished in number. During his reign Henry IV persecuted the religious sect known as the Lollards. He died in London on March 20, 1413, and was succeeded by his son, Henry V.
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Henry V (Holy Roman Empire) (1086-1125), German king (1098-1125) and Holy Roman emperor (1106-25), last of the Salian emperors, who enlarged the German Kingdom and ended its civil war.spouse: >Matilda, Princess of England (1102 - 1167)
Henry was born on November 8, 1086, in Goslar, Germany. Fearing that his succession was endangered, Henry rebelled against his father, Emperor Henry IV, in 1104, captured him, and forced him to abdicate. The young Henry became undisputed ruler on the death of his father in 1106.
In 1110 Henry agreed to respect the decree of Pope Paschal II against lay investiture, that is, the king's right to confer symbols of authority on church officials, providing that the pope would crown him and that the church would surrender all its secular property and rights within the empire. Because Henry's demand raised such a furor among the clergy when it was announced to them on the day of coronation, Paschal refused to crown Henry, who thereupon departed from Rome, taking the pope prisoner. To gain his freedom, the pope allowed Henry the power of investiture and crowned him emperor, but in 1112 he retracted his concessions. From 1114 to 1121 many of the German princes rebelled against Henry. Although northern Germany was in revolt in 1116, Henry invaded Italy to seize the territories that had been left to the papacy by Matilda, countess of Tuscany. After driving Pope Paschal from Rome, Henry had himself recrowned in 1117 by Maurice Bourdin, archbishop of Braga, whom he established as the antipope Gregory VIII (died about 1137) after the death of Paschal in 1118. Henry was accordingly excommunicated by Paschal's successor, Pope Gelasius II (reigned 1118-19).
On returning to Germany, Henry concluded peace with his former domestic enemies at the Diet of Würzburg in 1121. By the Concordat of Worms in 1122 he established a compromise on investiture with the papacy, abandoning the antipope Gregory VIII; he was then reinstated in the communion of the church, but retained the right to appoint church officials. In the last year of his reign the emperor, in alliance with his father-in-law, Henry I of England, led an unsuccessful expedition against Louis VI of France. Henry died in Utrecht on May 23, 1125, and was succeeded by Lothair II.
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Henry V (of England) (1387-1422), king of England (1413-22), known for his victorious campaigns against France, born at Monmouth in August or September 1387. He was the son and successor of Henry IV. In 1403 Henry led the royal army that defeated the rebellious Percy family, led by Sir Henry Percy, at Shrewsbury. He also commanded the English forces that put down the revolt of the Welsh chief Owen Glendower. In 1410-11, when his father was incapacitated by illness, Henry headed the royal council, but was removed after a political quarrel with his father. On succeeding to the throne in 1413 Henry V restored Sir Henry Percy's son to his lands and titles; he also honorably reburied at Westminster Abbey the remains of Richard II, who had been deposed by Henry IV and had died in prison during the latter's reign. The new king continued his father's policy in persecuting the religious sect known as the Lollards and executed their leader, Sir John Oldcastle, in 1417.spouse: >Valois, Katherine of (1401 - 1437)
In 1415 Henry warred against France, winning in that same year the Battle of Agincourt. The following year he allied himself with the Holy Roman emperor Sigismund, and in 1417 he began the conquest of Normandy, completing it with the capture of Rouen two years later. He concluded a peace treaty with Charles VI of France at Troyes in 1420, obtaining Charles's daughter, Catherine of Valois, in marriage and securing the promise of succession to the French throne on the death of Charles. When Henry returned to England in 1421, leaving his brother Thomas, duke of Clarence, as governor of Normandy, the French rose in opposition to English rule and defeated the duke. Henry returned to France for a third campaign, but he became ill and died. He was the most influential ruler in western Europe at the time of his death in Vincennes, France, August 31, 1422. He was succeeded by his son Henry VI.
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Henry VI (of England) (1421-71), king of England (1422-61, 1470-71), the last of the house of Lancaster.spouse: >Anjou, Margaret of (1429 - 1482)
The son of King Henry V and Queen Catherine of Valois, Henry was born at Windsor on December 6, 1421. He never showed any aptitude for government, and throughout his reign the English court was dominated by competing aristocratic factions. Like his father, he claimed the crown of France, but France gradually freed itself from English control between 1430 and 1453. In 1445 Henry married a French princess, Margaret of Anjou. During the 1450s a group of nobles sought to replace him with Richard, duke of York, the next in line of succession to the throne. The resulting civil conflict between the houses of Lancaster and York, known as the Wars of the Roses, began in 1455. After intermittent fighting Henry was captured by the Yorkists at Northampton and was compelled to acknowledge Richard rather than his own infant son as successor. In 1460 Richard was killed by Henry's forces at Wakefield. Richard's son subsequently became leader of the Yorkists and proclaimed himself king as Edward IV.
Henry and his queen escaped to Scotland, where they remained until 1464. In that year he returned to take part in a rebellion against Edward but was captured (1465) and imprisoned in the Tower of London. He had suffered attacks of insanity all his life and was now completely incapacitated. Nevertheless, he became nominal ruler again in 1470. Dethroned the following year and returned to the tower by Edward, he died there on May 21, 1471, probably murdered on Edward's order.
Henry, who founded Eton College and King's College, University of Cambridge, was venerated by many as a saint because of his piety.
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History of Wars of the Roses: Wars of the Roses (1455-1485) is a name given later to a series of battles fought by two rival branches of the Plantagenet dynasty for control of the English throne in the 15th century. Each family had a rose as its emblem - white for the York family, red for the House of Lancaster.
The struggle started when Richard of York claimed the throne from the weak Lancastrian kings, Henry VI. In 1460 Richard captured Henry, and was made heir to the throne; but he was killed in the same year and the Yorkist claim passed on to Edward, Duke of York, who was crowned Edward IV in 1461.
In 1470, however, Henry VI was briefly restored to the throne by his cousin the Earl of Warwick. On Edward's death, his brother Richard III usurped the throne, but alienated Yorkists helped the only remaining Lancastrian claimant, Henry Tudor (later Henry VII), to defeat Richard at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.
He was crowned Henry VII and married Edward IV's daughter, Elizabeth of York, to put an end to the family rivalry.
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Henry VII (of England), often called Henry Tudor (1457-1509), king of England (1485-1509) and first ruler of the house of Tudor, whose reign initiated a period of national unity following the strife of the 15th century.spouse: >York, Elizabeth Plantagenet of (1465 - 1503)
Henry, the son of Edmund Tudor, earl of Richmond (1430?-56), and Margaret Beaufort, countess of Richmond and Derby (a direct descendant of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster), was born on January 28, 1457, in Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire. After the Yorkist king Edward IV seized the throne from the Lancastrian Henry VI in 1471, Henry Tudor, a Lancastrian, took refuge in Brittany. He became head of the house of Lancaster on the death of Henry VI in the same year. In 1483, taking advantage of the indignation aroused against Edward's successor, Richard III, whose nephews, Edward V and Richard, duke of York (1472-83), were murdered in the Tower of London, presumably on Richard's order, Henry crossed over to Wales, where he gathered an army of supporters. In 1485, at Bosworth Field in England, he met and defeated Richard, who was killed during the battle. Henry Tudor was subsequently crowned Henry VII in London. In the following year he married the Yorkist heiress, Elizabeth (1465-1503), eldest daughter of Edward IV, uniting the houses of York and Lancaster and ending the Wars of the Roses.
After his accession Henry had to contend with several Yorkist uprisings, notably one led by the English impostor Lambert Simnel (circa 1471-1534), who claimed to be Edward, earl of Warwick (1475-99), the last Yorkist claimant to the throne. The real earl of Warwick was actually imprisoned by Henry in the Tower of London at the time. Another revolt was led by the Walloon impostor Perkin Warbeck, who claimed to be Richard, duke of York, the younger of the murdered sons of Edward IV. Although both impostors had strong backing in England and abroad, their forces were defeated by Henry. In 1494 Henry sent the English statesman Sir Edward Poynings (1459-1521) to Ireland to reestablish English control in that country. Henry managed to maintain peaceful relations with Austria, Spain, and France throughout most of his years as king. The reorganization in 1487 of the Star Chamber was one of several means by which Henry strengthened the royal power over the nobles. He died in Richmond, Surrey, on April 21, 1509, and was succeeded by his second son, Henry VIII.
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Henry VIII (1491-1547), king of England (1509-1547), and founder of the Church of England. The son of King Henry VII, he profoundly influenced the character of the English monarchy.spouse: >Aragon, Catherine of (1485 - 1536)
Henry was born in London. On the death of his father in 1509, he succeeded to the throne. He then married his brother's widow Catherine of Aragón, having been betrothed to her through a papal dispensation secured in 1503. This union was the first of Henry's six marriages, which were affected by the political and religious conditions of the time and by the monarch's increasingly despotic behavior. At the beginning of his reign, Henry's good looks and hearty personality, his fondness for sport and the hunt, and his military prowess endeared him to his subjects. A monarch of the Renaissance, a period of renewed interest in the arts and learning, he entertained numerous scholars and artists, including the German painter Hans Holbein the Younger, who painted several famous portraits of the king and members of his court.
A Question of Divorce In 1511 Henry joined in the Holy League against France, and in 1513 he led the English forces through a victorious campaign in northern France. Deserted by his allies, Henry arranged a marriage in 1514 between his sister Mary and Louis XII of France, with whom he formed an alliance. Louis's successor, Francis I, met Henry at a magnificently staged meeting on the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520, but no significant political decisions resulted from this meeting. In 1525 riots broke out in England in protest against Henry's attempt to levy taxes for military purposes, and he withdrew from major military activity in Europe.
In 1527 Henry announced his desire to divorce his wife, on the grounds that the papal dispensation making the marriage possible was invalid. The chief reason for the divorce, however, was that Catherine had failed to produce a male heir. Her only surviving child was Mary, later Mary I of England. In addition, Henry was in love with Anne Boleyn, a young and beautiful lady-in-waiting of the queen. Several obstacles, however, stood in the way of the divorce. Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, Catherine's nephew, strongly opposed the divorce, and Pope Clement VII, whom Charles had made a prisoner, could not invalidate the marriage without displeasing his captor. In 1528 the pope was persuaded to appoint the English cardinal and statesman Thomas Wolsey and Lorenzo Campeggio, a papal legate, to try the case in an English legatine court. In 1529, the pope summoned the case to Rome. When the prospect of securing a papal annulment seemed hopeless, Henry dismissed Wolsey and appointed Sir Thomas More. The latter, however, was reluctant to support the divorce.
The Break with the Papacy Henry now proceeded to dissolve one by one the ties to the papacy. With the aid of parliamentary legislation, he first secured control of the clergy, compelling that group in 1532 to acknowledge him as head of the English church. In the following year Henry secretly married Anne Boleyn, who was crowned queen after Henry's obedient archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, declared the marriage with Catherine void and that with Anne valid. An act of succession affirmed the declaration of the archbishop and established Anne's progeny as heirs to the throne. Anne's only surviving child, Elizabeth, later Elizabeth I, was born in 1533.
Although Henry was immediately excommunicated, he repudiated papal jurisdiction in 1534 and made himself the supreme ecclesiastical authority in England. The English people were required to affirm under oath Henry's supremacy and the act of succession. Sir Thomas More and the English cardinal John Fisher were executed for refusing to accept the religious supremacy of the English monarch. Henry dissolved the monastic communities and gave much of their property to the nobles in exchange for their support.
In 1536, after charging Anne Boleyn with incest and adultery, Henry had her executed. A few days after Anne's death, Henry married Jane Seymour, who died in 1537 after bearing Henry's only legitimate son, Edward, later Edward VI. A marriage was arranged in 1540 with Anne of Cleves in order to form a tie between England and the Protestant princes of Germany. Because Anne was unattractive and because Henry found the political alliance no longer to his advantage, he divorced her after several months and married Catherine Howard in the same year. She was executed summarily in 1542 for allegedly having been unchaste prior to marriage and having committed adultery. In the following year Henry married his sixth wife, Catherine Parr, who survived him.
Between 1542 and 1546 Henry was involved in war with Scotland and France. His troops defeated the Scots at Solway Moss in 1542. They captured Boulogne-sur-Mer from the French in 1544, and when peace was made in 1546 Henry received an indemnity from France. He died in London on January 28, 1547. Henry was succeeded by his son, Edward VI.
Effects of Henry's Reign Although he altered the church, Henry did not wish to introduce Protestant doctrine. Those who refused to accept Church of England teachings as well as those who rejected Henry's authority over the church were executed. The licensing of an English translation of the Bible, the issuance of Cranmer's litany, and the translation into English of certain parts of the traditional service were the only important religious changes made during Henry's reign. In terms of the monarchy, he intensified the authoritarian elements characteristic of the Tudor dynasty to which he belonged. He developed a strong government that was used powerfully in the reign of Elizabeth I.
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HARRIET HERRING was the wife of a tavern keeper in good circumstances, and inferentially, in a good location, but whether it was Pompey, Manlius, or some other Lake Country village is unknown. It is believed that they had no children. (Source: Excerpts from a letter from Parlina G. (Burnham) Stoddard, grand daughter of Phoebe Barnes). (Source: Chronicles of the Bement Family in America; 1928, p. 161e)
JOSEPH HERRING mysteriously disappeared. No trace of him was ever found. Sometime, years later, Phebe (Barnes) Herring removed to Central New York with her two children, making the journey with relatives, no doubt. There she met and married Mark St. John. Always, however, in spite of the possible desertion she cherished the memory of her first husband. (Source: Excerpts from a letter form Parlina G. (Burnham) Stoddard, grand daughter of Phoebe Barnes) (Source: Bement Chronicles in America, 1928, p. 161e)spouse: >Barnes, Phoebe (1769 - 1855)
LEVI HERRING was gifted in music. He may not have married and is believed to have died before his prime. (Source: Excerpts from a letter form Parlina G. (Burnham) Stoddard, grand daughter of Phoebe Barnes). (Source: Chronicles of the Bement Family in America; 1928, p. 161e)
Pepin of Herstal (635?-714), Carolingian mayor of the palace, who reunited the Frankish realms in the late Merovingian period. A grandson of Pepin the Elder, he succeeded to his position in the kingdom of Austrasia around 680. In 687 he extended Carolingian rule to the other Frankish kingdoms, Neustria and Burgundy, but retained members of the Merovingian dynasty as figurehead monarchs in all three. Two years later he extended his control over the Frisians, a pagan people living on the North Sea coast. Pepin's death was followed by a civil war and the succession of his illegitimate son Charles Martel.spouse: >Pepin, First Concubine of (~0654 - )
Carolingian, sometimes called Carlovingian, second dynasty of Frankish kings who ruled parts of Western Europe from the 7th to the 10th centuries. The family was descended from Pepin the Elder of Landen, a powerful landowner who served Clotaire II, the Merovingian king of the Franks, as mayor of the palace of Austrasia from around 584 to 629. Pepin's grandson, Pepin of Herstal, eventually succeeded to the mayor's position, and by AD 687 he had become the effective ruler of the entire Frankish kingdom, although the Merovingians nominally wielded the royal power. Pepin of Herstal was in turn succeeded by his illegitimate son, Charles Martel, and by two grandsons, Carloman and Pepin the Short. Carloman later abdicated, and in 751 Pepin the Short was crowned as the first Carolingian king of the Franks. This date is generally regarded as the beginning of the Carolingian dynasty. It is historically significant that Pepin was the first Frankish king whose coronation was sanctified by the Roman Catholic church.
Pepin the Short was succeeded by his two sons, Carloman and Charlemagne, who at first ruled the kingdom jointly. After 771 Charlemagne was sole ruler and vastly increased the kingdom. At its greatest extent, it included what is now France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the Low Countries, and northern Italy. On December 25, 800, Charlemagne was crowned the first emperor of the revived Western Roman Empire. As emperor, Charlemagne established his court as a center of learning, thus beginning the Carolingian Renaissance (see Romanesque Art and Architecture). Charlemagne achieved fame in many parts of the world for his promotion of education and the arts. When he died, his son Louis I inherited the kingdom. Upon his death, the kingdom was divided among his three surviving sons, who fought each other for the title of emperor. In 843 the kingdom was formally divided by the Treaty of Verdun. Thereafter the power of the dynasty further declined. The German line, which also ruled the Holy Roman Empire, became extinct in 911 and was replaced by the Saxons; the French line held power until 987, when it was succeeded by the Capetians.
Funk + Wagnall's Encyclopedia Pepin of Herstal (635?-714), Carolingian mayor of the palace, who reunited the Frankish realms in the late Merovingian period. A grandson of Pepin the Elder, he succeeded to his position in the kingdom of Austrasia around 680. In 687 he extended Carolingian rule to the other Frankish kingdoms, Neustria and Burgundy, but retained members of the Merovingian dynasty as figurehead monarchs in all three. Two years later he extended his control over the Frisians, a pagan people living on the North Sea coast. Pepin's death was followed by a civil war and the succession of his illegitimate son Charles Martel.
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