Anne (1665-1714), queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1702-14), the last British sovereign of the house of Stuart. Born in London on February 6, 1665, she was the second daughter of King James II. Her mother was James's first wife, Anne Hyde. In 1683 she was married to Prince George of Denmark. Although her father converted to Roman Catholicism in 1672, Anne remained Protestant and acquiesced in James's overthrow by the anti-Roman Catholic Glorious Revolution of 1688, which brought her sister Mary and Mary's husband, William of Orange, to the throne. Becoming queen on William's death in 1702, Anne restored to favor John Churchill, who had been disgraced by her predecessor, making him duke of Marlborough and captain-general of the army. Marlborough won a series of victories over the French in the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14, known in America as Queen Anne's War), and he and his wife, Sarah, had great influence over the queen in the early years of her reign.spouse: >George, Prince of Denmark (1653 - 1708)
Devoted to the Church of England, Anne was inclined to favor the pro-church Tory faction rather than its Whig opponents, but, influenced by the Marlboroughs and Lord Treasurer Sidney Godolphin, earl of Godolphin, she at first excluded the Tories from office. Later, however, her friendship with the Marlboroughs cooled, and in 1710 she took advantage of popular dissatisfaction with the Whigs to remove Godolphin; Marlborough was dismissed the following year. During Queen Anne's reign the kingdoms of England and Scotland were united (1707). She died in London on August 1, 1714, and, having no surviving children, was succeeded by her German cousin, George, elector of Hannover, as King George I of Great Britain.
Funk + Wagnall s Encyclopedia
Bertha M. Anway and her husband, Randolph T. Edwards, had at least six children: Percy Anway, Thomas Leighton, Harvey Sanford, S. B., John Russell, and Marion Edwards. They resided in Cheboygan, Michigan about 1907.spouse: >Edwards, Randolph T. (<1875 - >1905)
Had no issue.spouse: >Dolph, Ada (1874 - >1905)
Silas B. Anway, after the death of his wife, (1) Sarah Rebecca Sanford, married (2) her sister-in-law, Margaret (McKibben) Sanford, the widow of her brother, David Sanford.spouse: >Sanford, Sarah Rebecca (1847 - 1897)
[Brøderbund WFT Vol. 10, Ed. 1, Tree #3333, Date of Import: 6 Oct 1999] She resided Thackery, IL.spouse: >Randall, Albert Orlando (1847 - 1900)
Catherine of Aragón (1485-1536), queen consort of England (1509-33), who, as the first wife of King Henry VIII, occupies a prominent place in history because the question of her marriage to Henry was a factor in the Reformation in England. She was the daughter of Ferdinand V and Isabella I, king and queen of Aragón and Castile. Catherine was born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain. Henry's father, King Henry VII, hoped to form a binding alliance with Spain when he negotiated the marriage of Catherine and his son Arthur, prince of Wales. She went to England in 1501 and was married in November, but Arthur died in April 1502. A few months later Henry VII arranged a second marriage for Catherine with his second son Henry, then 12 years old. A papal dispensation enabling Henry to marry the widow of his brother was obtained in 1503. Henry succeeded to the throne in April 1509 and in June he married Catherine.spouse: >Arthur, Prince of Wales (1486 - 1502)
Although the marriage was, on the whole, fairly successful, the pro-Spanish sympathies of Catherine brought some difficulties during the periods of French alliance. Catherine bore Henry six children, only one of whom, a daughter, later Queen Mary I, survived.
In 1527 Henry tried to annul his marriage to Catherine so that he could marry Anne Boleyn, who he hoped would give him a male heir to the throne. The pope refused to make a decision on the proposed annulment, and in 1533 Henry was married to Anne by the archbishop of Canterbury. In 1534 the pope finally declared that the first marriage was valid, thus bringing about the alienation of Henry VIII from the Roman Catholic church. Catherine did not quit the kingdom, but was thereafter closely guarded. During this time she displayed heroic courage and steadfastly refused to sign away her rights and those of Mary.
Funk + Wagnall's Encyclopedia
Edgar was chosen King by Witan (Parliament), upon the death of Harold II at the Battle of Hastings, and served as heir apparent from October until December of 1066, and was never crowned king. In December of 1066 he renounced his succession to the crown in favour of William I, the Conqueror who then occupied London. William ascended the throne as the first sovereign of the House of Normandy.
Athelstan (895-939), king of Wessex (924-39), and the first monarch to take the title of king of England. The grandson of King Alfred, he was crowned at Kingston-upon-Thames and seems to have possessed both great ambition and talent. It is supposed that his design was to unite, under his personal rule, the entire island of Britain. On the death of his brother-in-law Sihtric (reigned about 921-26), king of Northumbria, about 926, Athelstan took possession of his dominions. The other kings of the island submitted to him, in some instances voluntarily, and he styled himself Rex totius Britanniae (King of all Britain). A league, composed of Welsh, Scottish, and Danish allies, was formed against him. A fierce and decisive battle was fought (937) at Brunanburh, in which the allies were utterly defeated. After this the renown of Athelstan spread to the Continent. He exhibited a deep interest in the welfare of his people, improved the laws, and encouraged the translation of the Bible into the vernacular.
Source: Broderbund World Family Tree Volume 7, Pedigree #961.spouse: >Bement, Thelma Levona (1900 - 1958)
Had eight children.spouse: >Hamman, Anna (>1875 - )
Had one child by his first wife and seven by his second wife.spouse: >Herr, Adaline (~1862 - )
Had two children.spouse: >Lynde, Ethel May (>1880 - )
Had two children.spouse: >Swartzendruver, Christian B. (~1843 - )
Anna Augspurger was married by the Rev. Joseph Augspurger.spouse: >Sommer, Nickolas (~1846 - )
Anna Augspurger had one son, William Hake.spouse: >Hake, Peter (~1852 - )
Had two children.spouse: >Potterf, Herman (1867 - 1952)
Had four children.
Barbara Augspurger had eight children. (Source: Marilyn L. Holthouse, Camarillo, CA)spouse: >Iutzi, Peter (1808 - 1875)
Had six children. (Source: Marilyn L. Holthouse, Camarillo, CA)spouse: >Goldschmidt, Henry (~1784 - )
Catherine Augspurger had seven children with her first husband, Samuel Kinsinger; and one son with second husband, Joseph Kinsinger. (Source: Marilyn L. Holthouse, Camarillo, CA)spouse: >Kinsinger, Samuel (1799 - ~1840)
Catherine Augspurger is believed to have married a Joseph Sommer(s), and moved to Illinois. Probably had six children, four male, 2 female.spouse: >Sommer, Joseph (<1818 - )
Had eight children.spouse: >Schantz, Joseph (~1843 - )
No verification that he is the child of Jacques Augspurger.
Much of the information on Christian Augspurger, his spouse, and ancestors was located on the OMII Genealogy Project + Kidron Heritage Center by Robert N. Geiser, CPA, CCP - Apple Creek, Ohio.spouse: >Kropf, Maria Magdalena (1760 - 1839)
Christian Augspurger and his family lived on a farm called Pointe du Jour (Daybreak) in Sainte-Marie. (Source: The Augspurgers of Butler County, Ohio, in Napoleonic France, Parts I, II, III, Mennonite Family History, Dr. Neil Ann Stuckey Levine)
Christian Augspurger was a prominent farmer in France and managed several large farms there. In Strasbourg, the 500 acre farm that he managed was one of the finest in France. It was one of his most prosperous farms and attracted the attention of royalty and army generals who frequently visited there. This led to Christian being invited to Paris to introduce his style of farming. This ultimately led to his being awarded the "Decoration of the Lily Flower" (abt. 1818), which is still in the possession of his descendants.spouse: >Hauter, Catharina (~1782 - 1846)
Christian and Catherine (Hauter) Schertz are buried on their farm, which was inherited by Samuel Augspurger. There are no stones other than field stones except for a recent memorial stone. The cemetery is enclosed by a chain link fence and is on the grounds of Chrisholm, Samuel's home, now owned by the county park board. It was thought that about 15 bodies were in this cemetery, but when it was made into a park, the local power company did sophisticated underground sonic mapping and located about 39 graves. Other than Christian, Catherine, and one or two other burials, limited records exist. (Source: Jim Abbott, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1998)
The Augspurger Memorial Cemetery, a Mennonite Cemetery, is located on Wayne-Madison Road, near Hamilton Trenton Pike, near Trenton, Butler County, Ohio. _________________
Excerpts from a story by Richard O. Jones, Journal-News, Hamilton, Ohio Sunday, June 21, 1998, Lifestyle - Section D, Page D1:
The rift between "the button church" and "the hook and eye church" tore a thriving Butler County (Ohio) community apart in the 19th century. The legacy of those people and the repercussions of that rift live on in subtle ways. It was the division between progress and the preservation of the old ways in the context of a larger upheaval in the Christian faith around the world.
It's also part of a legacy that the Friends of Chrisholm are trying to preserve in the form of a farm house built in 1879. Chrisholm was the home of Christian Augspurger, the leader of what was once the largest western Amish Mennonite settlement in the United States, centered in the community of Woodsdale, Ohio.
"The typical citizen of Butler county has no knowledge of the Amish Mennonite settlement and its contribution to our way of life," says Anne Koch Jantzen, vice president of the Friends of Chrisholm. "Even the direct descendants of the original settlers have scant awareness of their heritage and roots." Koch also is the director of the re-enactment of a wedding that, aside from the rift that divided the church for 62 years, many have been the single most important and symbolic event of its time and place.
On August 3, 1886, Otelia Augspurger married Elias Compton, in a wedding set against a backdrop of a community in the midst of radical change and turmoil. Otelia was the granddaughter of Christian Augspurger, who moved his family from the Alsace region of Germany and settled in the Great Miami River Valley in 1819, leading a colony of six families that settled in Milford Township, near Collinsville. His was the first colony from that area to emigrate to the United States.
In 1829, Christian bought 250 acres of land closer to the river in Madison Township and build a saw and grist mill. Nearly all of the Collinsville Mennonites followed, also purchasing land in St. Clair and Wayne Townships and across the river into Lemon and Liberty townships.
The Amish Mennonite settlement, officially named the "Apostolic Mennonite Society," became a center to encourage future Amish settlements in the West. As early as 1831, migrating Amish saw it as a stopping place. A sample of 175 Amish Mennonite families show that 76 percent of those who settled in Illinois spent some time in Butler County, Ohio.
They all lived happily together for a few years, until a large group of more liberal Hessian Mennonites arrived and began to mingle with the Augspurger congregation. The differences between the two groups began to cause friction. The Hessians resented the strictness of the congregation in their worship, way of life, manner of dress and distrust of higher education. The original members resented the Hessians' liberal tendencies. On May 9, 1935, they decided to split into two congregations, the "hook and eye" Augspurgers and the "button" Hessians, so named because of the way they fastened their clothes. The Amish that remained in Collinsville chose to stay out of the argument and formed a third congregation, but it only lasted a few years before assimilating into the others.
Although the factions would merge again in 1897, it was in this changing environment that Otelia Augspurger married Elias Compton, her former teacher. "This was in a sense a ‘mixed marriage' between a pious Mennonite and worldly Presbyterian," Jantzen says. "The Otelia and Elias love story contains the themes of family and community conflict and the resolution of that conflict, the importance of ethnic and religious identity in the midst of a push for assimilation and the enduring family and community values of cooperation and mutual support.
Christian Augspurger and Elizabeth Augspurger were both second and fourth cousins.spouse: >Augspurger, Elizabeth (1844 - 1912)
Christian and Mary (Sommer) had five children.spouse: >Sommer, Mary (>1841 - )
Christian Augspurger also went by the name Christopher Augspurger. His first wife may have been (1) Anna Ehresman, but this had not been verified. His second wife was (2) Elizabeth "Lizzie" Emhart/Earnhart/Earhart/Ebernhardt. There were four children by the second marriage to Lizzie, and apparently a previous child, but it is unknown if the mother was Anna. (Source: Marilyn L. Holthouse, Camarillo, CA, March 1998)spouse: >Emhart, Elizabeth (>1850 - )
Christian K. Augspurger was married by Nicholus Augspurger.spouse: >Burkey, Elisabeth (~1839 - )
David D. Augspurger and (1) Magdalena were living in Washington Twp., Tazewell Co., IL with two sons. (1880 Federal Census). He was ordained at the East Washington (Illinois) Mennonite Church in 1889. He moved to Aurora, Nebraska in 1892, and established a church in Goodland, Indiana in 1895, and presided over the erection of a church in Goodland in 1898.spouse: >Schrock, Magdalena (>1852 - 1907)
David and Magdalena were living in Jordan Township, Jasper Co., Indiana with Daniel A. (age 21), Sarah (age17), and Lydia (age 11). (1900 Federal Census) He ordained his son-in-law, Jacob Sommer, and turned the Goodland Church over to him in 1908. In 1910, he went into mission work in the Chicago area, established a church at Bethel, east of Pekin, Illinois, and married (2) Katherine V. Slonaker. Katherine died in 1935 and was buried in Hamilton, Ohio. David died less than two months after her at 82 years of age.
Had one child.spouse: >Flenner, Adalaide (~1858 - )
Had seven children.
Elizabeth K. Augspurger was married by Nicholus Augspurger. She had seven children with her husband, Peter Schrock.spouse: >Schrock, Peter (<1837 - )
Had four children.spouse: >Rohman, John J. (<1878 - )
Had three children.spouse: >Schafer, Osceola Fidelia (1869 - 1964)
Emilie Augspurger was married by the Rev. Joseph Augspurger.spouse: >Schrock, John (<1849 - )
Had five children.spouse: >Ehresman, Theodore (<1876 - )
Fannie Augspurger was married by the Rev. Joseph Augspurger.spouse: >Roth, C. W. (~1848 - )
The information on the Augspurger Family was derived from many sources and records. Much was from a compilation of information provided by Marilyn L. Holthouse of Camarillo, California with data that she obtained in working with Neil Ann Stuckey Levine. Ms. Levine provided much of the information on individuals "before 1819" while Ms. Holthouse worked on those "after 1819". Ms. Levine is published and did a series of articles on the Augspurger Family in the Mennonite Family History Magazine. Information was also provided by James Abbott of Cincinnati, Ohio and Mrs. Deryl (Diana) Schertz of Salt Lake City, Utah. Additional information was also gathered from the booklet, "History of Butler County, Ohio", and other sources from the Internet, the primary resouce there being from the OMII (Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois) Genealogy Project + Kidron Heritage Center by Robert N. Geiser, CPA, CCP - Apple Creek, Ohio (the OMII Project is located at "http://www.bright.net/~swisstea/hindex.htm"spouse: >
Had four children.spouse: >Williams, Lou (>1860 - )
Had four children.spouse: >Shafer, Mollie (~1851 - )
Had one child.spouse: >Law, Ida (>1853 - )
Had three children.spouse: >Plank, Mary (>1845 - )
Had three children.spouse: >Beal, Anna M. (~1856 - )
Reverend Jacob Augspurger (1786-1846), was one of the first Mennonite ministers in Butler County, Ohio; and was ordained a Bishop in the church in 1830. He was the second cousin of Christian Augspurger, and both of the those family lines had numerous other sons who were prominent ministers in both the Amish Mennonite and Hessian Mennonite (Apostolic Mennonite Society) branches of the church.spouse: >Fritz, Catherine (>1786 - <1810)
Had two children.spouse: >Bachman, Veronica (>1843 - )
Jacobina Augspurger never married. She and her younger brother, Frederick, lived together as brother and sister later in life. They are buried in the Mennonite Cemetery, Wayne-Madison Road, on adjacent lots with a single tomb stone.
Had three children.spouse: >Iutzi, W. F. (<1872 - )
Rev. John Augspurger was a pastor in the Hessian Church from 1867-1912. (Source: Marilyn L. Holthouse, Camarillo, CA)spouse: >Kennel, Emilie (1840 - 1893)
John K. Augspurger was married by Nicholus Augspurger.spouse: >Burcky, Ellen (~1842 - )
Had two children by his first wife, and four by his second wife.spouse: >Murphy, Jennie (~1856 - )
Joseph (1st) Augspurger's oldest son, Joseph (3rd) Augspurger was born several months prior to his marriage to Elizabeth Schlabach. This was due mainly to difficulties in getting all the paperwork required for the marriage together following Napoleons defeat and the governmental discontinuities in France at the time. (Source: Levine's Mennonite Family History, The Augspurger's of Butler County, Ohio)spouse: >Schlabach, Elizabeth (1796 - 1848)