Carrie Roba (Rhoba ?) married Will H. Jardine. Their only child: Glenn Robert Jardine, who married Etta (???), had children Geraldine and Glenn Donald. He tried out as a catcher for the New York Giants but didn't go on because his mother would not let him play on Sunday, according to Harry Eugene Edminster of Portland, Oregon. Glenn Robert also was an organist.spouse: >Jardine, Will H. (<1863 - 1932)
Charles Barnes Edminster married, 29 April 1855 in Tioga County, New York, Maria B. Hatch, born 14 July 1836 in New York, and sister to Martha Hatch who was first wife of brother William Henry. Charles and Maria both died in Wyanet, Illinois where they are buried in Forest Home Cemetery. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p. 42)spouse: >Hatch, Maria B. (1836 - 1909)
Charles Freemont Edminster married his cousin, Margaret Clinton, whose father was a soldier in the Civil War. Charles was a farmer near Bradford, Illinois and operated a tile factory and grain elevator at Lombardville, Illinois and later a grain elevator at South Wyanet, Illinois. After this burned in 1894, he joined his father and brother, Llewellyn, in a feed, grain, coal and implement business called C.B. Edminster + Co. He was an inventor of note, had at least ten patents, including a pitless farm scale, a computing scale, a churn, and others. He was active in civic affairs. He and his wife had nine children. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, pp. 42, 45-46)spouse: >Clinton, Margaret (1856 - 1940)
Charles H. Edminster married (1) Cassie Shubert and they had two children. He later married (2) Nettie ??? and they had one daughter and a son. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p.45)spouse: >???, Nettie (>1861 - )
Had two children from her first marriage, none from her second.spouse: >Miller, ??? (<1858 - )
George William Edminster married 31 August 1862 at Tiskilwa, Illinois. Sarah E. Blaisdell, born 13 February 1844 at Goffstown, New Hampshire. They lived in Kansas City, Kansas in 1889 where he was a teamster and in Parsons City, Kansas 1908-14. Grandson Harry Eugene (No. 29, below) said me that George William was a powerful man, six feet tall and 235 pounds. Even in his later years he still drove a team and could throw hundred pound sacks of bran over a wagon. George and Sarah are buried at Oswego, Kansas. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p. 42)spouse: >Blaisdell, Sarah E. (1844 - 1920)
Henry William Edminster married Roba Howland, the daughter of Isaac and Katherine (Howard) Howland. Isaac was descended from Henry Howland who arrived in Massachusetts from England in either 1621 on the ship "Fortune" or 1623 on the "Ann", one or three years after the landing of the Pilgrims. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III)spouse: >Howland, Roba (~1760 - )
Herbert Loyal Edminster and (1) Frances divorced and he married (2) Laura Stone, sister of Elizabeth Stone who married his brother, Austin Leander Edminster. He had three children from his first marriage. There was a very small railroad town about 2 1/2 miles from Tonganoxie, Kansas, on the Missouri-Pacific Railroad, named "Edminster", after Herbert Loyal. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p.44)spouse: >Brown, Frances Adelia (1863 - )
Howard Simmons Edminster married (1) Lizzie Nesbit, who died as a bride. He married (2), 22 June 1876, Julia Jones, born 6 May 1849 in Marshall County, Illinois, daughter of Edwin S. and Emily (Root) Jones. Edwin S. Jones had fought in the Blackhawk War in the 1830's with Abraham Lincoln, after emigrating to Illinois from Pennsylvania. He latter married (3) Nellie King Herridge. He had six children with Julie and one son with Nellie. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p.43)spouse: >Nesbit, Lizzie (>1848 - ~1870)
Jessie Edminster who married a West and had two sons and one daughter, all born in Illinois: i. Edmund, who married Lillian Harris and had two sons. He is buried at Wyanet; ii. Wilbur, who married Hazel Harris and had one son and one daughter. He is buried at Pekin, Illinois; iii. Ada, who married a Raker, lived in Gowrie, Iowa in 1964 had no children.spouse: >West, ??? (>1860 - )
John enlisted in the Civil War at Milo, Illinois, 7 December 1861 and was a Private in Company F, 57th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He was Honorably Discharged for disability, 23 August 1862. By 1889 he had become wholly deaf as a consequence of his war disability and received an invalid pension through application 707405 from Kansas on 29 May 1889 and was given Certificate 482512. His widow filed pension application 881164 on 9 December 1907 from Nebraska which was denied. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p. 41)spouse: >DeMaranville, Mary Ann (>1832 - 1890)
Llewellyn D. Edminster was a coal, seed and implement dealer in Wyanet, Illinois, first with his father and brother, and later with Mr. Peter Nelson. They had three children. Llewellyn and Laura are buried in Forest Home Cemetery in Wyanet, Illinois. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, pp. 42, 46-47)spouse: >Haris, Laura (1868 - )
Loretta Edminster had at least two sons, and possibly a third child, a daughter.spouse: >Townsend, Sewell (<1825 - )
Lucretia Edminster may have been in this family. She is listed in the 1860 census of Bureau County, Illinois as working for a Thomas Babcock along with Thomas DeMaranville. (Mrs. Amber Edminster Bebinger says she never heard of Lucretia.) (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p. 39)
Mae (or Mary?) Edminster married a Pettegrew and had two sons: i. Arthur, who never married; ii. Guy, who married, had no children, was buried at Bradford, Illinois.
Mandana Edminster married Charles Cornell Ramsay in 1876. They lived in Hingham, Massachusetts and in Boston where her son, C. Merle Ramsay, lived in 1964. She was much interested in family history and compiled a lot of information on the early Edminsters in Massachusetts. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p.40)spouse: >Ramsey, Charles Cornell (<1858 - )
Lived in Skokie, Illinois. Their son, Russell Young, was living in Chicago in 1963.spouse: >Young, Charles (~1876 - )
Had no issue.
Orange Edminster married Phebe DeMaranville (b. 1834 in New York). The name DeMaranville, rather unusual, was common in Freetown, Massachusetts. It seems probable that the DeMaranville and Edminster families migrated together from Massachusetts to New York and later on to Illinois and Kansas as the names come up as neighbors in all places. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p. 41)spouse: >DeMaranville, Phebe (1834 - )
Reuben S. Edminster is accounted for in the 1830 census of Harford, is missing in subsequent censuses of the area. However, it was not until 1855 that he removed to Milo, Bureau County, Illinois where he farmed and remained until 1873. He then moved to Kansas, near Basehor, Leavenworth County, where he became "...one of the prosperous farmers of the neighborhood." According to the above reference, "he started for himself without means and assisted in caring for his younger brothers and sisters until they were able to become self-supporting. He also gave his children good educational advantages..." He married 6 July 1844, Adelia (or Adele ?) M. Mc Cullough, born 21 October 1823 at Hartford, Connecticut. Her parents were both "foreign born" according to the census, likely from the British Isles. He was active in township and county affairs and held various local offices. Also, he was an active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and served in many church positions. He and his wife are both buried in Glenwood Cemetery, Basehor, Kansas. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p. 39-41)spouse: >McCullough, Adelia M. (1823 - 1900)
William Henry Edminster is listed in the 1850 census as a laborer on the farm of Lyman Dewell, Caroline, Tompkins County, New York. He married (1) Martha Hatch, born 1832, sister of the wife of his brother, Charles Barnes. (Source: "The Edminster Family in America" by Frank Custer Edminster, Jr., Section III, p. 41)spouse: >???, Hester (>1829 - )
Edmund I (921-46), Saxon king of the English (939-46), the son of King Edward the Elder. He had two wives, and two children, born of his first wife Ælgifu. Their names were: Edwy, Edgar. He participated in the Battle of Brunanburh in 937 and succeeded his half brother Athelstan as king in 939. The following year Olaf Godfreyson, a Viking ruler of Dublin, seized the territory of Northumbria in northern England and extended his rule as far south as Leicester. After Olaf's death in 941, Edmund made war on the Vikings, expelling them from the country three years later. In 945 Edmund occupied the kingdom of Strathclyde, west of Northumbria, and turned it over to his ally Malcolm I MacDonald, king of Scotland. The following year Edmund was stabbed to death by a robber and was succeeded by his brother Edred (reigned 945-55). Edmund was known as a legal reformer, especially for his restrictions on the blood feud.spouse: >Ælgifu, ? (>0921 - )
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Edmund II, called Ironside (981?-1016), Saxon king of the English (1016), son of King Æthelred the Unready. When Æthelred died, Edmund was chosen king by the people of London, but Canute II, king of Denmark, who was leading an invasion of England, secured the support of the council (witenagemot) at Southampton and of Edric (flourished 1001-17), Æthelred's son-in-law. Edmund met the Danes in battle, winning several engagements and relieving Canute's siege of London. He was defeated at Assandun (now Ashington), however, through the treachery of Edric, who had pretended to desert Canute. A truce was arranged between Canute and Edmund; Edmund was permitted to rule the south of England until his death later in the year, when it reverted to Canute.spouse: >Ealdgyrth, Queen of England (>0993 - )
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Barzilla "Zela" Edson married (1) Eliza Richardson with whom he had three children (Edward, William and Martha Edson). He is a descendant of Mayflower Pilgrims (Tilley-Howland), Roger Conant, a founder of Salem, Massachusetts, and King William, the Conqueror and six other Norman Kings. (Source: Jim Long)spouse: >Richardson, Eliza (>1824 - <1865)
Hazel Celia Edson was born on Middlebury Street in Goshen, Indiana on January 17, 1909. She is the daughter of Charles Edson, who was of British descent, and Mary Everhock. She talked a lot and and used to say "Well Yent." We never knew what that meant. She was indeed a very positive person, almost childlike, and always seemed happy just to be livin'. She died on March 6, 1988 while living at her daughter Eleanor's residence in Seattle, Washington and is buried in Oakridge Cemetery in Goshen, Indiana. (Source: Deobalt-Long Family History, Mary Patricia 'Pat' (Long) Mote, May, 1998)spouse: >Long, William Leroy (1910 - 1945)
Edward I, called Longshanks (1239-1307), King of England (1272-1307), of the house of Plantagenet. He was born in Westminster on June 17, 1239, the eldest son of King Henry III, and at 15 married Eleanor of Castile. In the struggles of the barons against the crown for constitutional and ecclesiastical reforms, Edward took a vacillating course. When warfare broke out between the crown and the nobility, Edward fought on the side of the king, winning the decisive battle of Evesham in 1265. Five years later he left England to join the Seventh Crusade. Following his father's death in 1272, and while he was still abroad, Edward was recognized as king by the English barons; in 1273, on his return to England, he was crowned.spouse: >Castile, Eleanor of (1244 - 1290)
The first years of Edward's reign were a period of the consolidation of his power. He suppressed corruption in the administration of justice, restricted the jurisdiction of the ecclesiastical courts to church affairs, and eliminated the papacy's overlordship over England. On the refusal of Llewelyn ab Gruffydd, ruler of Wales, to submit to the English crown, Edward began the military conflict that resulted, in 1284, in the annexation of Llewelyn's principality to the English crown. In 1290 Edward expelled all Jews from England. War between England and France broke out in 1293 as a result of the efforts of France to curb Edward's power in Gascony. Edward lost Gascony in 1293 and did not again come into possession of the duchy until 1303. About the same year in which he lost Gascony, the Welsh rose in rebellion.
Greater than either of these problems was the disaffection of the people of Scotland. In agreeing to arbitrate among the claimants to the Scottish throne, Edward, in 1291, had exacted as a prior condition the recognition by all concerned of his overlordship of Scotland. The Scots later repudiated him and made an alliance with France against England. To meet the critical situations in Wales and Scotland, Edward summoned a parliament, called the Model Parliament by historians because it was a representative body and in that respect was the forerunner of all future parliaments. Assured by Parliament of support at home, Edward took the field and suppressed the Welsh insurrection. In 1296, after invading and conquering Scotland, he declared himself king of that realm. In 1298 he again invaded Scotland to suppress the revolt led by Sir William Wallace. In winning the Battle of Falkirk in 1298, Edward achieved the greatest military triumph of his career, but he failed to crush Scottish opposition.
The conquest of Scotland became the ruling passion of his life. He was, however, compelled by the nobles, clergy, and commons to desist in his attempts to raise by arbitrary taxes the funds he needed for campaigns. In 1299 Edward made peace with France and married Margaret, sister of King Philip III of France. Thus freed of war, he again undertook the conquest of Scotland in 1303. Wallace was captured and executed in 1305. No sooner had Edward established his government in Scotland, however, than a new revolt broke out and culminated in the coronation of Robert Bruce as King of Scotland. In 1307 Edward set out for the third time to subdue the Scots, but he died en route near Carlisle on July 7, 1307.
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Edward II (1284-1327), Plantagenet King of England (1307-1327), whose incompetence and distaste for government finally led to his deposition and murder.spouse: >Isabella, Princess of France (1292 - 1358)
Edward was born on April 25, 1284, at Caernarvon, Wales, the fourth son of King Edward I and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile. The deaths of his older brothers made the infant prince heir to the throne; in 1301 he was proclaimed prince of Wales, the first heir apparent in English history to bear that title. The prince was idle and frivolous, with no liking for military campaigning or affairs of state. Believing that the prince's close friend Piers Gaveston, a Gascon knight, was a bad influence on the prince, Edward I banished Gaveston. On his father's death, however, Edward II recalled his favorite. Gaveston incurred the opposition of the powerful English barony. The nobles were particularly angered in 1308, when Edward made Gaveston regent for the period of the king's absence in France, where he went to marry Isabella, daughter of King Philip IV. In 1311 the barons, led by Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, forced the king to appoint from among them a committee of 21 nobles and prelates, called the lords ordainers. They proclaimed a series of ordinances that transferred the ruling power to themselves and excluded the commons and lower clergy from Parliament. After they had twice forced the king to banish Gaveston, and the king had each time recalled him, the barons finally had the king's favorite kidnapped and executed.
In the meantime, Robert Bruce had almost completed his reconquest of Scotland, which he had begun shortly after 1305. In 1314 Edward II and his barons raised an army of some 100,000 men with which to crush Bruce, but in the attempt to lift the siege of Stirling they were decisively defeated (see Battle of Bannockburn). For the following eight years the Earl of Lancaster virtually ruled the kingdom. In 1322, however, with the advice and help of two new royal favorites, the baron Hugh le Despenser, and his son, also Hugh le Despenser, Edward defeated Lancaster in battle and had him executed. The le Despensers thereupon became de facto rulers of England. They summoned a Parliament in which the commons were included and which repealed the ordinances of 1311 on the ground that they had been passed by the barons only. The repeal was a great step forward in English constitutional development, for it meant that thenceforth no law passed by Parliament was valid unless the House of Commons approved it.
Edward again futilely invaded Scotland in 1322, and in 1323 signed a 13-year truce with Bruce. In 1325 Queen Isabella accompanied the Prince of Wales to France, where, in accordance with feudal custom, he did homage to King Charles IV for the fief of Aquitaine. Isabella, who desired to depose the le Despensers, allied herself with some barons who had been exiled by Edward. In 1326, with their leader, Roger de Mortimer, Isabella raised an army and invaded England. Edward and his favorites fled, but his wife's army pursued and executed the le Despensers and imprisoned Edward. In January 1327, Parliament forced Edward to resign and proclaimed the prince of Wales, Edward III as king. On September 21 of that year Edward II was murdered by his captors at Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire.
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Edward III (1312-77), king of England (1327-77), who initiated the long, drawn-out struggle with France called the Hundred Years' War.spouse: >Holland, Philippa of Hainault and (1311 - 1369)
Edward was born at Windsor on November 13, 1312, the elder son of King Edward II, of the house of Plantagenet. Involved by his mother, Isabella of France, in her intrigues against his father, he was proclaimed king after the latter was forced to abdicate in 1327. During Edward's minority, England was nominally ruled by a council of regency, but the actual power was in the hands of Isabella and her paramour, Roger de Mortimer. In 1330, however, the young king staged a palace coup and took the power into his own hands. His first step in asserting his rule, was to judicially murder Mortimer, his mother's lover, by plucking him out of his mother's bed, and then have him hanged through the Act of Attainder, and confining Isabella for the rest of her life to her home.
Edward began a series of wars almost directly after he had control of England. Taking advantage of civil war in Scotland in 1333, he invaded the country, defeated the Scots at Halidon Hill, England, and restored Edward de Baliol to the throne of Scotland. Baliol, however, was soon deposed, and later attempts by Edward to establish him permanently as king of Scotland were unsuccessful. In 1337 France came to the aid of Scotland. This action was the culminating point in a series of disagreements between France and England, and Edward declared war on Philip VI of France. In 1340 the English fleet destroyed a larger French fleet off Sluis, the Netherlands. The action resulted in a truce that, although occasionally disturbed, lasted for six years. This was the beginning of the Hundred Years War (it actually lasted 115 years until 1453).
War broke out again in 1346. Edward, accompanied by his eldest son, Edward the Black Prince, invaded Normandy and won a great victory over France in the Battle of Crécy. He captured Calais in 1347, and a truce was reestablished. Edward returned to England, where he maintained one of the most magnificent courts in Europe. The war with France was renewed in 1355, and again the English armies were successful. The Peace of Calais, in 1360, gave England all of Aquitaine, and Edward in return renounced his claim, first made in 1328, to the French throne.
Edward continued to assert his will both domestically and abroad. In 1363 he concluded an agreement with his brother-in-law, David II of Scotland, uniting the two kingdoms in the event of David's death without male issue. Three years later Edward repudiated the papacy's feudal supremacy over England, held in fief since 1213. He renewed his war with France, disavowing the Peace of Calais. Edward decided to claim the throne of France. This time, however, the English armies were unsuccessful. After the truce of 1375, Edward retained few of his previously vast possessions in France. The king had, by this time, become senile. He was completely in the power of an avaricious mistress, Alice Perrers, who, along with his fourth son, John of Gaunt, dominated England. Perrers was banished by Parliament in 1376, and Edward himself died at Sheen (now Richmond) on June 21, 1377. He was succeeded by his grandson, Richard II.
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Edward IV (1442-83), King of England (1461-70; 1471-83), who established the house of York on the English throne.spouse: >Woodville, Elizabeth (~1437 - 1492)
Edward was born on April 28, 1442, in Rouen, France, the eldest son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd duke of York. He inherited the title earl of March. During the Wars of the Roses, and following defeat in the Battle of Ludlow in 1459, Edward was driven from England by the Lancastrian king Henry VI. After his return to England and the death of his father in the Battle of Wakefield in 1460, Edward became head of the house of York. He defeated the Lancastrians in the Battle of Mortimer's Cross in 1461 and was acclaimed king by Parliament, which also declared Henry VI a usurper and traitor. Edward was crowned in June 1461. In giving thanks in person to the House of Commons, he set a historic precedent. Despite the civil war that continued intermittently until 1471, when all Lancastrian resistance was crushed and Henry VI was taken prisoner, Edward fostered the commerce of his realm. During his reign, printing and silk manufacturing were introduced in England.
Edward's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville, a commoner, and his efforts to create a new nobility more amenable to his interests, angered the older nobles and alienated Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, who had been a power behind his throne. arwick made an alliance with the Lancastrians and, in 1470, drove Edward from the throne and into exile in Holland. Henry VI again became king of England. Supplied with funds by his brother-in-law, Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy, Edward returned to England in 1471, raised a large army, and won decisive victories over his enemies at Barnet and Tewkesbury. Thereafter the crown was securely in his possession. The later years of his reign were, for the most part, uneventful. The most notable incident of this period was a short war with France in 1475, which was terminated by an arrangement whereby King Louis XI agreed to pay Edward an annual subsidy. Edward died on April 8, 1483, at Westminster and was succeeded by his son Edward V.
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Edward V (1470-83), short-lived, uncrowned king of England (1483), the second of the house of York. Born at Westminster, the eldest son of King Edward IV, he was created prince of Wales in 1471. As a result of the power struggle between his paternal uncle Richard, duke of Gloucester, and his maternal uncle Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, both Edward and his brother, Richard, duke of York, were confined in the Tower of London shortly after their father's death in April 1483. They were not seen again outside the tower. Because the duke of Gloucester had them declared bastards and usurped the throne as Richard III in June 1483, it is reasonable to suppose that he had them assassinated. No circumstantial evidence exists, however. It is possible, for instance, that they survived Richard and were later slain by his successor, Henry VII of the house of Tudor, to whose title they would have been a threat. The belief that Richard instigated their murder was advanced by Tudor historians.
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Edward VI (1537-53), king of England and Ireland (1547-53), the last in the male line of the house of Tudor.
Edward was born at Hampton Court on October 12, 1537, the only son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, his third wife. He succeeded to the throne on the death of his father early in 1547. On his accession, his maternal uncle, Edward Seymour, 1st earl of Hertford, was named Lord Protector and duke of Somerset. In 1547 the Protector, in Edward's name, invaded Scotland, using as a pretext an alleged violation by the Scots of an agreement to give Mary, queen of Scots, in marriage to Edward. The English forces defeated the Scots at Pinkie in September of that year.
Both Edward and the Protector strongly favored the principle of the Reformation and did much to establish Protestantism in England. The body of edicts known as the Six Articles, enacted in the reign of Henry VIII, was repealed, and a new service book, the first Book of Common Prayer, was imposed in 1549. Although it was moderate in its approach, it was strongly opposed by Roman Catholics and stirred some uprisings. It subsequently, however, came into general use in the Anglican church.
In 1549 Somerset's attempt to help poor peasants by forbidding enclosure was thwarted by rich landowners, with the result that the peasants revolted. The opportunity was used by John Dudley, later duke of Northumberland, to remove Somerset from power. Edward was thereafter virtually controlled by Dudley, who in 1552 persuaded him to have Somerset executed for treason. The king became seriously ill of tuberculosis the year after. Shortly before Edward's death at Greenwich on July 6, 1553, Dudley induced him to sign a will depriving his half sisters, who later ruled as Mary I and Elizabeth I, of their claim to the royal succession. The right of succession then fell to Lady Jane Grey, who had married Dudley's son, but she was deposed by Mary a few days later.
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Edward VII (1841-1910), king of Great Britain and Ireland and emperor of India (1901-10). The Edwardian period is named after him.spouse: >Denmark, Alexandra Caroline of (1844 - 1925)
Edward was born on November 9, 1841, in Buckingham Palace, London, the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, and was christened Albert Edward. He studied at the universities of Edinburgh, Oxford, and Cambridge. In 1860 he visited Canada, inaugurating the custom of goodwill visits by members of the British royal family, particularly the prince of Wales, to British dominions and foreign countries.
In 1863 Edward married Alexandra, eldest daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark. The prince and princess then assumed much of the burden of court ceremonials and public functions, which Queen Victoria had laid aside on going into virtual retirement after the death of the prince consort in 1861. Edward traveled extensively. In Russia and France, particularly, he made valuable personal contacts in political and social circles. At home, his popularity was increased both as prince of Wales and as king by his interest in sports, notably yachting and horse racing; his horses won the Derby in 1896, 1900, and 1909 and the Grand National at Liverpool in 1900.
Edward succeeded to the throne in 1901. From the beginning of his reign he adopted a policy of promoting international amity in Europe, where political tension had been mounting. His visits to various European capitals from 1901 to 1904 and return visits to him by European rulers helped promote the signing of arbitration treaties in 1903-4 between Great Britain and France, Spain, Italy, Germany, and Portugal. He was also an important force behind two agreements that strengthened the position of Great Britain on the Continent, the Entente Cordiale of 1904 between France and Great Britain, and a pact between Russia and Great Britain in 1907. In 1909 the king and queen paid a diplomatic visit to Emperor William II of Germany (Edward's nephew) that temporarily dispelled German suspicion that the increasingly friendly relations between Great Britain and France and Russia were aimed at weakening Germany. Because of his efforts to increase international amity the king became known as Edward the Peacemaker.
Edward died at Buckingham Palace on May 6, 1910, having reigned for only nine years. Three daughters and two sons were born of the marriage between Edward and Alexandra. The sons were Prince Albert Victor, duke of Clarence, and George, duke of York, who succeeded Edward as George V. In 1896 Edward's youngest daughter, Princess Maude Charlotte Mary Victoria, married her cousin, Prince Charles of Denmark, who later became King Håkon VII of Norway.
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Edward VIII (1894-1972), king of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and emperor of India (January 20-December 11, 1936), later known as the duke of Windsor.spouse: >Warfield, Bessie Wallis (1896 - 1986)
Edward was born June 23, 1894, in White Lodge, Richmond Park, and was educated at the naval preparatory college at Osborne; the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth; and Magdalen College, University of Oxford. During World War I he served with the Grenadier Guards in France, Italy, Flanders, and Egypt. In 1919 he undertook the first of many official goodwill tours to Canada and other countries. In the 1920s and 1930s he supported slum-clearance projects, aid to the unemployed, and improvement of the working conditions of British miners.
Reign On the death of his father, King George V, in January 1936, Edward was proclaimed King Edward VIII. Before long, rumors circulated about his alleged romance with an American, Mrs. Wallis Warfield Simpson, then married to her second husband, a London shipping broker. On October 20, 1936, Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin counseled Edward, as king and head of the Church of England, to remove all cause for the rumors. A week later Mrs. Simpson was granted a divorce, to become final in six months. In November the king confided to Baldwin that he intended to marry Mrs. Simpson even if it meant his abdication. A morganatic marriage was proposed, but the cabinet was unwilling to accept this compromise. On December 11, 1936, therefore, the king abdicated in favor of his brother, the duke of York, who became King George VI. Edward received the title duke of Windsor and married Mrs. Simpson in June 1937.
Duke of Windsor Because his wife was not accorded the privileges of a royal duchess in England, the duke of Windsor resided abroad. In 1937 he observed social and housing conditions in Germany and visited Adolf Hitler. During World War II he served as a major general in the British Expeditionary Force, and he was governor of the Bahama Islands from 1940 to 1945. After the war he lived as a private British citizen, chiefly in the United States and France. At the funeral of George VI in February 1952, he took part in a British royal ceremony for the first time since his abdication. The duke wrote A King's Story (1951) which was made into a film in 1967, and Windsor Revisited (1960). He died May 28, 1972, in Paris.
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Edward, called the Black Prince (1330-76), prince of Wales, who distinguished himself as a military leader during the Hundred Years' War.spouse: >Joan, the Fair Maid of Kent (1328 - 1385)
Edward was born at Woodstock in Oxfordshire on June 15, 1330, the son of King Edward III of England. During his lifetime, he was called Edward of Woodstock; the name Black Prince was given him because of the black armor he wore. In 1346 Edward accompanied his father on the English campaign in Normandy, and during the Battle of Crécy, when he was only 16, the prince won high acclaim for his command of the right wing of the English army.
In 1355 Edward was appointed his father's lieutenant in Gascony. He led the English army in a series of raids across southern France and in 1356 defeated a French army at Poitiers, took King John II of France prisoner, and returned in triumph to England with his captive. In 1361 he married his cousin Joan, countess of Kent (1328-85) known as the fair maid of Kent. A year later his father created him prince of Aquitaine and Gascony, and he went to his domains in southern France. As lord of those lands, Edward became, under feudal law, a vassal of the French king.
During his rule the prince estranged the Gascon nobles, who believed that he was curtailing their feudal rights. After almost six years of peace, Edward, in 1367, led an expedition to Spain in order to restore Peter the Cruel, the deposed king of Castile, to his throne. During the successful Spanish campaign, Edward contracted an illness from which he never recovered; Peter furthermore refused to repay Edward the vast sums that had been expended on his behalf. On his return to Aquitaine, the prince levied taxes to pay for the expedition, but the disgruntled nobles protested to Edward's feudal lord, King Charles V of France. The prince refused to answer to the charges against him, and Charles renewed the war against England. A revolt against Edward spread through Aquitaine and Gascony, and despite his illness the prince led his troops against the city of Limoges, capturing it in 1370 and massacring its defenders. A year later he returned to England and resigned his principality.
During the last years of his life, Edward was a leader of the political faction that rebelled against the misrule of his younger brother, John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster. Edward finally succumbed to his illness and died at Westminster on June 8, 1376. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral, in which parts of his armor still hang.
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Alexander Edwards having embarked at Bristol, reached America about 1640. He settled in Springfield, where he married 28 February, 1642 (3) (28 April, 1642, so Mrs. Bement), Mrs. Sarah (Baldwin) Searle. 2 He was one of the founders of... (Source: Strong Genealogy)spouse: >Baldwin, Sarah (1621 - 1690)
Edwy was born in 941, and was made King at the age of 15. He was married to Ælgifu and had no children.spouse: >Ælgifu, ? (>0941 - )
Edwy was a sickly adolescent, who was fortunate to profit from his uncles previous vigor, and received submission from the Nothumbrians, the Danes, the Welsh and the Scots. But it has been said that if he had continued to reign for any great length of time, there may have been a break-up of England.
Shortly before his death, he had already received a challenge from his brother Edgar.
© Camelot International 1996
When the Romans ended their direct rule of Britain early in the fifth century, they left behind a country under attack form the Angles, Saxons and Jutes of northern Germany. Over the next 200 years, these invaders expelled the native Britons from England and pushed them back into Scotland and Wales.spouse: >
The invaders set up kingdoms of their own, and by the early seventh century England was split into the seven warring kingdoms of the Heptarchy. One of these, "Wessex", finally triumphed and produced in Egbert, king from 802-839, the first King of England.
Egbert (775?-839), king of Wessex (802-39), and the first Saxon king recognized as sovereign of all England (828-39). He was the son of a Kentish noble but claimed descent from Cerdic (reigned 519-34), founder of Wessex, the kingdom of the West Saxons in southern England. During the late 8th century, when King Offa of Mercia (reigned 757-96) ruled most of England, Egbert lived in exile at the court of Charlemagne. Egbert regained his kingdom in 802. He conquered the neighboring kingdoms of Kent, Cornwall, and Mercia, and by 830 he was also acknowledged as sovereign of East Anglia, Sussex, Surrey, and Northumbria and was given the title of Bretwalda (Anglo-Saxon, "ruler of the British"). During succeeding years Egbert led expeditions against the Welsh and the Vikings. The year before his death he defeated a combined force of Danes and Welsh at Hingston Down in Cornwall. He was succeeded by his son Æthelwulf, the father of Alfred.
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Abigail Eggleston was the seventh of nine children Her ancestors can be located on Brøderbund World Family Tree, Volume 2, Pedigree #5366; and Volume 15, Pedigree #1923m which traces back to James Eggleston (1562-1613) in England.spouse: >Bement, John (~1667 - 1703)
Edward was born in 875, and was to take three wives in his life: Ecgwyn, Æflaed, Eadgifu. He had many children.spouse: >Ecgwyn, ? (>0870 - )
From Ecgwyn were: Æthelstan and Editha, from Ælflaed were: Ælfweard, Eadflaed, Eadgifu, Æthelhild, Eadgyth, Ælgifu, Elsfeda, Eadwine and two unnamed daughters, from Eadgifu: Eadmund, Eadred, Elfred, Eadgifu, Eadburgh.
Edward was the first of 75 years of Alfreds hereditary stock, which gave England strength and growth. Edward's eldest sister had married Æthelred of Mercia, a most dynastic marriage, and through her new power as Lady of Mercia, she was able to help Edward re-conquer the midlands and south-east of England.
Edward also saw the power to be gained through strategic marriages, and he is one of the first kings to have used marriage to his benefit, gaining a great deal of children. Edward died in 925, after reigning for 26 years.
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Edward succeeded as king of the Angles and Saxons in 899, despite a rebellion led by his cousin Ethelwald with the support of the Danes of Northumbria and East Anglia. After a protracted struggle he defeated the Danes, and in 912, on the death of his brother-in-law Ethelred, alderman of Mercia, he annexed the cities of London and Oxford and their environs. The Danes submitted formally in 918, and soon thereafter the sovereignty of Edward was acknowledged by the North Welsh, the Scots, the Northumbrians, and the Welsh of Strathclyde. Edward was succeeded by his son Athelstan.
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Elizabeth I (1533-1603), queen of England and Ireland (1558-1603), daughter of Henry VIII, king of England, and of his second wife, Anne Boleyn. She was the last of the Tudor rulers of England. Although her legitimacy was questioned and never settled (because an act of Parliament  invalidated the marriage of her parents and enabled Henry to marry his third wife, Jane Seymour), both Parliament and Henry named as heirs to this throne his children Edward, later Edward VI; Mary, later Mary I; and Elizabeth, in that order.
Childhood and Accession as Queen Born in London on September 7, 1533, Elizabeth spent her childhood away from the court and received an excellent classical education under such scholars as Roger Ascham, who influenced her greatly. Henry's sixth wife, Catherine Parr, later became fond of the young Elizabeth and brought her back to court. She remained in Catherine's charge after Henry's death and took no part in the political intrigues following the coronation of her brother as King Edward VI. When Edward died, Elizabeth became a partisan of her sister Mary, refusing to support the revolt led by the English soldier and conspirator Sir Thomas Wyatts, Mary, a devout Roman Catholic, was made uneasy by the Protestantism of Elizabeth and her potential menace as an heir to the throne. In 1554, Elizabeth was imprisoned on the false charge of having been implicated in Wyatt's rebellion. She was later released, having outwardly professed Roman Catholicism, and regained Mary's favor.
At the death of Mary in 1558, Elizabeth became queen, beginning one of the greatest reigns in English history. At the time of Elizabeth's accession, England was torn by religious strife, was economically insecure, and was involved in a disastrous war with France. To these problems Elizabeth brought a thorough education, innate shrewdness, and a skill in diplomacy that she had constantly exercised during the reigns of Edward and Mary, when one mistake might have meant her death. Although she was excessively vain and capricious, her monarchial duties were always her primary concern. Her policies and her colorful personality made her extremely popular with her subjects. Elizabeth's statecraft was due, to a great extent, to her choice of able and wise advisers, most notably Sir Francis Walsingham and William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley.
Religion was Elizabeth's initial problem as queen. She reverted to Protestantism immediately after Mary's death, and her first Parliament (1559) had a Protestant majority. Between 1559 and 1563, this Parliament passed religious legislation that became the doctrinal basis of the Church of England. In the Elizabethan Compromise (1559), the Church of England became the established church, and throughout Elizabeth's reign Roman Catholics and Puritans were persecuted.
A Popular Queen Elizabeth's domination of the period to which her name became attached was due in part to the exuberant national spirit that she inspired and that characterized all England during the second half of the 16th century. She restored popular confidence in the monarchy, and a wave of prosperity swept every field of endeavor. With the religious question settled and the war with France concluded by the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559), England was able to develop industrially and economically. Under Elizabeth's direction, the government began to regulate commerce and industry on a national scale. England grew to be a great maritime power with the exploits of such mariners as Sir Francis Drake and Sir Martin Frobisher. A new system of standard coinage was introduced in 1560 to replace the silver coins that had been considerably debased during the preceding three reigns. As a result, prices fell to normal levels and confidence in English money was restored. Foreign trade, encouraged by the government, became a great capitalistic enterprise. The Royal Exchange of London was opened in 1566, and the company of merchants that later became the English East India Company was chartered in 1600. Above all this activity stood the figure of Elizabeth. In the eyes of her subjects, Elizabeth was England.
From the beginning of her reign, Elizabeth's marital status was a political concern because there was no English heir to the throne. Parliament insistently petitioned her to marry, but she replied with the statement that she intended to live and die a virgin, and she became known as the Virgin Queen. Her statement did not prevent her from toying constantly with the idea of marriage. She was besieged by royal suitors, each of whom she favored when it was in her political interest to do so. Her affections, however, were bestowed on a succession of favorites, notably Robert Dudley, 1st earl of Leicester, Sir Walter Raleigh, and Robert Devereux, 2nd earl of Essex.
Elizabeth's most delicate political problem was that involving her Roman Catholic cousin, Mary, queen of Scots. Mary sought refuge in England after being defeated in battle by her half brother, James Stuart, earl of Moray. Elizabeth immediately imprisoned Mary because the Catholic monarchs of Europe and her own Catholic subjects considered Elizabeth illegitimate. By their reasoning, Mary was the lawful queen of England. Thus, to Elizabeth, Mary was the potential center of conspiracy. Mary was kept captive for years, giving rise to many plots by English Catholics for her release. When in 1586 Walsingham, then secretary of state, discovered a plot to assassinate Elizabeth and place Mary on the throne of England, Elizabeth reluctantly agreed to have Mary executed in 1587. The execution had serious results. Philip II of Spain had, for years, been troubled by the raids of English mariners on his colonial possessions. Because both Mary and Philip were Catholic, her death provided him with an added stimulus to prosecute the war with England that had been going on since 1585; he therefore sent a fleet to invade the country in 1588. The Spanish Armada, however, suffered an inglorious defeat, and England eventually took the place of Spain as the great colonizer of the New World and the reigning power on the seas. Moreover, by inflicting such defeat on Catholic Spain, England established Protestantism as a force in international politics.
End of an Era Elizabeth's popularity waned toward the end of her reign because of her heavy expenditures and abuse of royal power. Moreover, her policies became weaker, her later ministers being less able than Cecil or Walsingham. The close of Elizabeth's reign was disturbed by a revolt in Ireland that was led by Hugh O'Neill. The 2nd earl of Essex, Elizabeth's favorite, unsuccessfully led an army against the Irish. When he returned to England, he led a revolt against the queen and was executed in 1601. Following his death, Elizabeth was disconsolate. She spent the last years of her life unhappy and alone, having outlived a glorious age, the beginning of the history of what would become modern England. She died in London on March 23, 1603.
In addition to being a time of political triumphs, the Elizabethan era was notable as one of the greatest periods of English literature. Edmund Spenser, Christopher Marlowe, and Shakespeare were only a few of the host of writers who created their great works under Elizabeth. The dramatic personality of Elizabeth became the subject of a voluminous literature.
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KH:9/29/94, Connecticut State Archives, Tombstone Inscriptions, East Hartford 108, Pg15. (Source: Brøderbund WFT Vol. 6, Ed. 1, Tree #1439)spouse: >Abbe, Abigail Makers (~1786 - 1861)
Madeline was a Chippewa Indian. (Source: Marian Turgeon, e-mail: mturgeon@@telebyte.com)spouse: >Myrand, Louis (1824 - )
Records state 1-4 children by wife #1 and 5-14 children by wife #2- but do not identify a second wife.spouse: >Culver, Sarah (1694 - )
Had eleven children. (Source: Broderbund World Family Tree, Volume 3, Pedigree #1804)spouse: >Boger, Lizzie Jane (1877 - 1940)
Benjamin Fairman was born about 1725 in Enfield, Connecticut. He enlisted in the Canada Expedition of 1759 for the reduction of Fort Louis at Oswego and the Capture of Montreal, serving in Captain David Parsons' 9th Company, First Regiment, Connecticut troops under Major General Phineas Lyman, from 13 April 1759, until his death in Canada, 21 Sept. 1760. (Source: Chronicles of the Bement Family in America; 1928, pp. 80-81)spouse: >MacGregory, Hannah (1719 - 1749)