[Brøderbund WFT Vol. 14, Ed. 1, Tree #3357, Date of Import: 19 Oct 1999]spouse: >private
!OBITUARY: Published in the pages of the "Kentucky Advocate", Danville, Boyle County, Kentucky on 13 JUN 1992. "Memorial Obituary - Entered Into Eternal Rest - Friday, June 12, 1992" "Lloyd D. ABBEY" "STANFORD [Lincoln County, Kentucky] - Lloyd Dean ABBEY, 88, of 5935 McCormack Church Road died Friday at James B. HAGGIN Memorial Hospital in Harrodsburg [Mercer County, Kentucky]." "Born June 13, 1904, in Hornby, New York, he was a son of the late George [RIN 615] and Alma SCHUYLER [RIN 616] ABBEY. A retired sheet metal worker, he was a member of Local Union 274 of Santa Barbara, California, and a member of McCormack Christian Church [in Stanford, Lincoln County, Kentucky]." "Survivors include his wife, Lucretia Keck ABBEY [RIN 611]; six daughters, Mrs. Kenneth (Marion) [RIN 617] CORTRIGHT of Eagle, Idaho, Mrs. Robert (Shirley) [RIN 618] BEMENT of Ventura, [Ventura County], California, Mrs. Warren (Jean) [RIN 78] ANDERSON of Anderson [Shasta County], California, Mrs. Harold (Joan) [RIN 619] GOCHENOUER of LaHabra, California, Mrs. Johann (Linda) [RIN 620] of Saratoga, [Santa Clara County], California, and Mrs. George (Sandra) [RIN 621] MARTIN of Stanford [Lincoln County, Kentucky]; 21 grandchildren; and 26 great-grandchildren; several nieces and nephews." "The funeral will be held at 8 p.m. Monday (14 JUN 1992) at Fox Funeral Home, Stanford [Lincoln County, Kentucky], by Brother Edgar YATES. Cremation will follow." "Visitation will be after 6 p.m. Monday until time for service at the funeral home." "The family suggests memorials to West Lincoln County Emergency Medical Services, P.O. Box 235, Hustonville [Lincoln County], Kentucky. 40437."
OCCUPATION: Sheet metal worker. Was a member of Local Union 274 of Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara County, California.
RELIGION: Member of the McCormack Christian Church, Stanford, Lincoln County, Kentucky.
KH: was 68 IN 1900 (Source: CT Census Vol. 7, E.D. 128, Sheet 5, Line 43). KH: 3/1/96: AB: living with parents in East Hartford in 1850.spouse: >Forbes, Samuel E. (1829 - 1886)
Andrew Adams married about 1808, removed to Boston and resided in Roxbury, Massachusetts about ten years, the removed to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania about 1818. He was in manufacturing. (Source: Elaine Rising, April 1999)spouse: >Leland, Susannah (>1780 - )
The ancestors of Dorcus Adams, traced back to Robert Adams (b. 1602) are available on World Family Tree, CD #3, Pedigree #31.spouse: >Bement, Edmund (1767 - 1838)
Æthelbald was born in 834, and was the second son of his father, Æthelwulf. Æthulwulf married his stepmother, Judith, after the death of his father, but due to his hasty death, she quickly married (3) Baldwin I, Count of Flanders, as his second wife, and they had one son Baldwin II.spouse: >Judith, Princess of the West Franks (0844 - >0870)
Æthulwulf died when he was the age of 26. After having been sole ruler of Wessex for two years. He was buried at Sherborne.
© Camelot International 1996
Æthelbert was born in 836, and was the younger brother of his predecessor Æthelbald. He was not married and had no children.
Æthelbert reigned for six years and succeeded as King of Kent in 853 and King of Wessex in 860. He died in 866, at the age of 30.
© Camelot International 1996
William, called the Aetheling \'ath-e-lin,'ath-\ . 1103-1120. Duke (1120). Only legitimate son of Henry I of England; received homage of Norman barons (1115); m. (1119) Matilda, daughter of Fulk V of Anjou; invested with duchy by father (1120); drowned returning to England in the "White Ship."spouse: >Anjou, Matilda of (>1110 - )
Funk + Wagnall's Encyclopedia
Æthelred was born in 840, and was the younger brother of his predecessor, Æthelbert. He had two children Æthelhelm and Æthelwald.
Æthelred was forced to lead his armies over the border into Mercia, to stop the Danish invasions of Mercia, Northumbria, East Anglia, becoming a major threat to the security of Wessex, and to the Crown. His younger brother Alfred, who was only 19, at the time of battle, was his deputy.
By 871, the West Saxons were retreating back into their own lands, and in the Battle of Merton, King Æthelred was slain, and the leadership of the Saxons was given to Alfred.
Æthelred is also known as Saint Ethelred, due to his great piety in all situations. It is said that at a particularly punishing battle, the King would not leave his tent until he had completed saying Mass and that he would not serve man before God.
© Camelot International 1996
Æthelred II, called The Unready (968?-1016), Anglo-Saxon king of England (978-1016), son of King Edgar and half brother of Edward the Martyr. His reign was marked by bitter military struggles. After negotiating a treaty with Richard II, duke of Normandy (reigned about 996-1026), Æthelred married Richard's sister Emma. This marriage provided the basis for the subsequent Norman claim to the English throne. Although Æthelred paid tribute to the plundering Danes, Sweyn I (the Forkbeard), king of Denmark, invaded England in 1013 and proclaimed himself king. In 1014 Æthelred fled to Normandy but returned a few months later upon Sweyn's death. Sweyn's son and successor, Canute II, invaded the country a year later and, following Æthelred's death, became king of England. Æthelred's sobriquet, "The Unready," is a corruption of the Old English unraed, "bad counsel," which is a reference to his misfortunes.spouse: >Mercia, Elfigfu of (>0968 - )
Funk + Wagnall's Encyclopedia
Following the assassination of his brother, Edward, Æthelred II was propelled upon the English throne at the age of 10 years. The circumstance of his rise to power, as a pawn in the ambitions of others, did not alter throughout his 48 years of life.
The nickname of Unready is though to derive from the Saxon word meaning 'with no reputable policy' which can be taken as both accurate and ironic in that Ethelred is itself said to have meant 'noble policy'.
Æthelred was married twice. His first wife, Elfgifu of Mercia bore him no less than 11 children: Athelstan, Ecgbert, Edmund, Edred, Edwig, Edgar, Wulfhild, Edgyrth, Elfgifu and a further two other daughters whose names are not commonly recorded. His second marriage, to Emma of Normandy, produced three children, Edward, Alfred and Goda.
All through his reign he was shackled by the fact that he could not fully trust the support of his generals, both military and political, at a time when the fearsome Danish invaders were a constant threat to the English. In an act of, what proved to be, futile appeasement Æthelred attempted to stem the Danish ambitions by paying what was known as Danegeld.
In 1009 the King of the Danes, Sweyn decided that as well as keeping the territory, and monies, he had taken from the English he would now pursue the whole country. Four years later, in 1013, Sweyn had overrun the country and Æthelred had fled to Normandy to seek protection from Emma's brother, Robert the Good.
This flight brings into the picture the grandson of Robert the Good, William, later to be known as William the Conqueror.
Sweyn died in 1014 and Æthelred reclaimed the English crown for a further two years before his death at the age of 48 in 1016.
© Camelot International 1996
Æthelwulf was born between 800-810, and was the eldest son of his predecessor, Egbert. He was married twice, with his first wife dying in 846, and his second wife being the daughter of Charles II, King of France. He had five children from his first wife: Æthelstan, Æthelbald, Æthelbert, Æthelred, Ælfred, Æthelswyth.spouse: >Wight, Osburth of (>0806 - ~0853)
When he succeeded his father to the throne, Æthelwulf passed the kingdom of Kent to his youngest brother.
Æthelwulf's reign began vigorously, but unfortunately his health soon began to deteriorate, and the King left England to stay in Rome for a year. He took his fifth son Alfred with him, and it was on this journey, that the king decided to marry Judith of France.
On his return in 856, he found his only remaining son in revolt, and between them they decided to share the administration of the kingdom. . Æthelwulf died two years later in 858.
Æthelwulf was under-King of Kent from 825-839, was King of England from 830-856 at which time he abdicated the throne in 856 to his oldest son, Æthelbald, and resumed the title of under-King of Kent from 856 until his death in 858.
Funk + Wagnall's Encyclopedia
The year after the House of Burgesses (Jamestown, Virginia) met for the first time, the Pilgrims of the Mayflower founded the second permanent English settlement in America. Their arrival in 1620 has always been presented as another of history's lucky accidents. But was it?spouse: >Mullins, Priscilla (1602 - 1685)
Had captain Christopher Jones of the Mayflower, turned the ship when he was supposed to, the little band would have gone to its intended destination, the mouth of the Hudson, future site of New York, and a settlement within the bounds of the Virginia Company's charter and authority. Instead, the ship kept a westerly route - the result of a bribe to Jones and his men - and in November 1620, the band of pioneers found safe harbor in Cape Cod Bay, coming ashore at the site of present day Provincetown. Of the 102 men, women, and children aboard the small ship, fifty were so-called pilgrims.
The pilgrims were separatists who felt that the Church of England was not far enough away from the Roman Catholic Church. They wanted to "purify" the church (and were thus called Puritans); obviously not a popular notion in Queen Elizabeth I's time.
Among the crew of the Mayflower, (and staunch Church of England members) where Christopher Jones, Ships Captain; Miles Standish, an army captain; and John Alden, the ships cooper, or barrel maker. These men were involved in the so-called bribe to move the puritan pilgrims from the Virginia Company lands. Payment to these men for signing on for the voyage was the promise of land ownership in the New World.
The non-Pilgrims or "strangers", as they have become known, announced that they would be free from any commands. The Pilgrim leaders and Captain Jones composed a short statement of self-government and required all men on board to sign it. This agreement, the MAYFLOWER COMPACT, is considered the first written constitution in North America.
John Alden settled in Plymouth, called Patuxet by the Indians, when the Pilgrims arrived there in 1620. He married Pricilla Mullens there in 1622. He was widowed in 1685 and did not remarry.
John Alden was from Harwich, Essex, England. A member of the Church of England, he converted to the Pilgrim faith after arriving in the New World. He became one of the colony leaders. He served as an assistant governor most of the time from about 1631 until he died. He also served as treasurer from 1656 until 1658. In 1634 he was held on a charge of murder because he had favored defending a Plymouth outpost against attack, which resulted in the death of two men. He was acquitted of the charges. A stern, unyielding man, he led the persecution of Quakers and Baptists. About 1632 he moved his family to Duxbury, Massachusetts. His homestead has been preserved.
His offspring include Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, William Cullen Bryant, and John Adams, and John Quincy Adams. ____________
JOHN ALDEN AND PRISCILLA MULLINS
John Alden and Priscilla Mullins (var: Mullens, Molines), were immigrant passengers on the ship "Mayflower", landing in New England in 1620. John is recorded as " a hopeful young man", and had been hired on at Southampton, England. He was not a member of the Pilgrim group that had left Holland for the voyage to America, but was hired on just before departure to make barrels and perform other duties. He was "left to his owne liking to go or stay when he came here; but he stayed, and maryed here" : from chronicles of William Bradford.
John Alden became successful as a cooper and farmer and in business, enough so to become one of eight bondsmen in Plymouth who assumed responsibility for the Colonial debt. Later, he moved to Duxbury and took over a farm near his friend Miles Standish. For many years John was assistant to the governor of Plymouth Colony. He died on September 12, 1687, in Duxbury, and was buried near Standish.
Priscilla was the daughter of William Mullins and his wife, and had one brother, Joseph. Father, mother, and Joseph all died in the first winter. Their servant, Robert Carter, also died the first winter. The spelling of their surname varies from entry to entry, although MULLINS is the most common. Variations include Mullens, Molien, Moline, Molines, and Molens. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow made John Alden and Priscilla Mullins famous in his poem "The Courtship of Miles Standish". It tells how Alden courted Priscilla Mullins (or Molines) for Standish until she asked, "Why don't you speak for yourself, John?". Originally to be titled "Priscilla", midway through he changed the title to that which the poem now bears. The incident of Priscilla's reply, on which the story turns, was a tradition. John Alden was a maternal ancestor of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: his mother's maiden name was Zilpah Wadsworth and descended from Elizabeth Alden, daughter of John and Priscilla. Elizabeth was an older sister of Joseph Alden, from whom the VanGelder line descends.
THE SHIP 'MAYFLOWER'
The Mayflower was a small, typical, merchant vessel which made a storm-tossed voyage across the wintry Atlantic Ocean in the year 1620. The 66 day trip carried the ship into an honored place in American history. Crowded on board were the men, women, and children who founded Plymouth, the first permanent colony in North America founded by families. These people, now called Pilgrims, were the first colonists who came to gain religious liberty. They were also the first to draw up a written agreement providing for "such a government and governors as we should by commonn consent agree to make and choose". This historic document was made and signed while still on board ship, and is known as the MAYFLOWER COMPACT.
The ship set sail from Plymouth, England on September 16th, 1630 with Captain Christopher Jones in command. No authentic plans or dimensions of the Mayflower are known to exist. Naval architects, however, have made models based on designs of other merchant vessels of the day. The ship was a three-masted vessel of about 180 tons: in this day, it meant she could load 180 "tuns", or double hogsheads, of wine in her hold. She had been in the wine trade with France for at least twelve years before this charter, and was at least twenty years old when she sailed for America. Leakage from the wine casks over a space of years neutralized the garbage and other filth that sailors threw into the hold, and may explain why the Pilgrims lost only one of their members to sickness. She was a fast ship, relatively, since the return voyage to England took only thirty-one days; that would be a good run by a sailing vessel of her size even today.
Her overall length is estimated to have been 90 feet; beam (width) was about 26 feet (8 meters). The stern rose 27 feet above the waterline when fully loaded. The depth of her hold from the topdeck to the inside of the keel was 17 feet, and she drew, loaded, about two fathom (12 feet) of water. Two decks ran the length of the ship. Below the main deck was the gun deck, with about five feet head room. The forecastle rose from the main deck in the bow. It contained quarters for the crew of 30, and also the galley where the crew's food was prepared. At the stern the poop house and the poop deck sat above the half-deck. Here there were two fair-size cabins normally used as quarters for the ship's officers. Underneath was the 'steerage', where a sailor steered by a whipstaff attached to the tiller: Steering wheels and gear were not invented until the eighteenth century. The helmsman could not see where he was going, so had to be directed or "conned", as we still say, by the officer of the deck through an open hatch in the poop deck. The ship had three masts, and in all about seventy-five different lines in the running rigging. Every ship of that time was armed, and the Mayflower probably carried several long guns called "minions", which fired a four-pound cannonball, and some lighter pieces called "slakers". Some of the minions were later mounted on the fort at Plymouth. No live cattle or livestock were taken, but some passengers brought pets. They used a spaniel and a mastiff to hunt deer the first winter ashore.
The ship's master was Christopher Jones of Rotherhithe on the Thames. He had commanded the Mayflower for twelve years and owned a quarter-share of the ship. He has been depicted in several movies as a ruffian and untrustworthy, but that is historically nonsense: the Pilgrims spoke highly of him, and he stood by them well through their first winter. In fact, they named the Jones River after him. Two masters mates had been to America before. John Clarke had been kidnapped by a Spanish caravel at the Chesapeake in 1611, and kept in a Spanish prison for four years. Robert Coppin had also been to New England. Besides these, there were a boatswain, a surgeon, a gunner, and a cook. There were about twenty seamen, the usual rough sailors of the time, religious in a way but disliking the frequent prayers and psalm-singing of the passengers. One 'very profane' seaman who was always cursing the seasick passengers, and threatening to throw them overboard, became ill himself and died at sea.
Historians have wondered how more than 100 passengers found sleeping space. Some have guessed that if the officers gave up most of their space, perhaps 54 parents and children could sleep in tiers of double bunks there. Single men and boys could bed down on hammocks between decks. Nobody had privacy. There were no sanitary facilities. Fresh water was too scarce for washing, and the stench in the quarters must have been offensive.
They finally reached North America, although considerably north of Virginia where their patent called for settlement. Thus they were outside the jurisdiction of the London company. For this reason, they drew up the Compact. First mooring was made at Cape Cod on November 11, 1620, then mooring was made in Provincetown Harbor on November 21, 1620. Then the ship moved to a mooring offshore from Plymouth, the final choice for the colony to build. This was on December 11th. Because of the weather building did not commence until December 25th, and several months went by before the settlers could all permanently leave the ship. In the meantime many of the deaths occurred, mostly from sickness. One infant was born as the ship lay anchored at Cape Cod.
According to the history of the Plymouth Colony written by Mr. William Bradford, the second Governor of the Colony, of the Mayflower company he says: "These being about a hundred souls, came over in that ship....of the one hundred persons who came over together, the greatest half died in the general mortality, and most of them in two or three months time". Omitting the two hired sailors who returned after a year, and counting the one person that died and the child born during the passage, we have the exact number - one hundred - of the Pilgrim company, and fifty-one died the first season; this makes good the above words of Mr. Bradford, that " the greater half died in the general mortality".
Source: "The Original Lists of Persons of Quality", 1600 to 1700, from manuscripts preserved in State Paper Dept. of the Public Record Office, England, Edited by John Camden Hotten, Published by Chatto + Windus, London, 1874. Source: Compton's Family Encyclopedia Source: LDS Ancestral Files. Source: County, State records: CT, MA, NY. Source: Governor William Bradford "Of Plimouth Plantation": after 1630 but not printed in full until 1856.
Seth Alden was a descendant of the Honorable John Alden (1599-1687), one of the Pilgrims on the Mayflower which landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620; a signer of the Mayflower Compact; and a founder of Duxbury, Massachusetts. He was born 26 Dec 1779 at Enfield, Hartford Co., Connecticut, and died 17 May 1832. (Source: Bement Chronicles in America, 1928, p. 146)spouse: >Bement, Pina (1779 - 1882)
Alexander II (of Scotland) (1198-1249), king of Scotland (1214-49), the son of William the Lion. He supported the English barons in their rebellion against King John, helping them to secure the Magna Carta (1215), but in 1217 he recognized John's successor, Henry III, as his overlord, and in 1221 he married Henry's sister, Joan. After Joan's death in 1238, he took a second wife, Mary of Coucy, who bore him a son in 1241. By the Peace of York (1237), Alexander and Henry established the permanent boundary between England and Scotland. At home, Alexander imposed his rule over outlying parts of Scotland and strengthened the power of the monarchy.spouse: >Joan, Princess of England (1210 - 1239)
Funk + Wagnall's Encyclopedia
Alexander III (of Scotland) (1241-86), king of Scotland (1249-86), son of Alexander II and his second wife, Mary of Coucy. In 1251 Alexander married Margaret, the daughter of King Henry III of England, and the English repeatedly attempted to interfere in Scottish affairs during his minority. He successfully resisted an invasion by King Håkon IV of Norway at the battle of Largs (1263), and in 1266 he forced Håkon's successor, Magnus VI, to surrender the Isle of Man and the Hebrides Islands to Scotland. Alexander was succeeded by his granddaughter Margaret, the Maid of Norway.spouse: >Margaret, Princess of England (1240 - 1275)
Mae Allen information was obtained from DAR records, ID#103820, Volume 104, p. 309.spouse: >Williams, H. L. (~1861 - )
Obadiah Allyn was a great-great uncle of Ethan Allen. (Source: Thomas Sanford Genealogy, c.,1911, p. 99).spouse: >Sanford, Elizabeth (1648 - 1712)